schizophrenia

noun
schizo·​phre·​nia | \ ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə How to pronounce schizophrenia (audio) \

Definition of schizophrenia

1 medical : a mental illness that is characterized by disturbances in thought (such as delusions), perception (such as hallucinations), and behavior (such as disorganized speech or catatonic behavior), by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy, and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life

Note: Schizophrenia often involves an inability to orient oneself with reality, a withdrawal from social interactions, and a failure to integrate thoughts with emotions so that emotional expression is inappropriate. There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia and those types marked by catatonia or hebephrenia.

2 : contradictory or antagonistic qualities or attitudes both parties … have exhibited schizophrenia over the desired outcome— Elizabeth Drew

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from schizophrenia

schizophrenic \ ˌskit-​sə-​ˈfre-​nik How to pronounce schizophrenic (audio) \ adjective or noun
schizophrenically \ ˌskit-​sə-​ˈfre-​ni-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce schizophrenically (audio) \ adverb

Examples of schizophrenia in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Democrats saw it as hypocrisy, Republican professionals as schizophrenia. Peggy Noonan, WSJ, "How to Find a Good Leader," 1 Nov. 2018 Metzner diagnosed schizoaffective disorder, a severe form of schizophrenia, and Reid found schizotypal personality, a related but less severe disorder. Fox News, "'Hidden in Holmes' mind': Psychologist describes findings after spending hours with Aurora movie theater killer," 2 Oct. 2018 Other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder need to be diagnosed and treated with talk therapy and medications in order to avoid the risk of suicide. Michael Roizen, M.d., And Mehmet Oz, Houston Chronicle, "How can you recognize and prevent suicide?," 17 June 2018 Since his diagnosis, Desikan has been an author, often the lead or senior one, of 25 papers in major academic journals on topics such as schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Laurie Mcginley, Washington Post, "Devastated by ALS, trying to save others," 13 June 2018 One in 25 Americans has a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depression. Rebecca Lurye, courant.com, "Aetna VP Shares Battle With Mental Illness In New Documentary," 1 June 2018 But Anderson and his colleagues noticed that conditions featuring intrusive thoughts—such as schizophrenia—often involve increased activity in the hippocampus, an important memory region. Simon Makin, Scientific American, "Brain’s “Brakes” Suppress Unwanted Thoughts," 1 Apr. 2018 This can happen with certain mental health conditions, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Korin Miller, SELF, "What to Know About Getting Pregnant If You Take Antipsychotics," 17 Jan. 2019 First, let’s recap why antipsychotics are sometimes used to treat conditions like bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Korin Miller, SELF, "What to Know About Getting Pregnant If You Take Antipsychotics," 17 Jan. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'schizophrenia.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of schizophrenia

1909, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for schizophrenia

New Latin

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about schizophrenia

Statistics for schizophrenia

Last Updated

24 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for schizophrenia

The first known use of schizophrenia was in 1909

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for schizophrenia

schizophrenia

noun
schizo·​phre·​nia | \ ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə How to pronounce schizophrenia (audio) \

Medical Definition of schizophrenia

: a mental illness that is characterized by disturbances in thought (as delusions), perception (as hallucinations), and behavior (as disorganized speech or catatonic behavior), by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy, and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life

Note: Schizophrenia often involves an inability to orient oneself with reality, a withdrawal from social interactions, and a failure to integrate thoughts with emotions so that emotional expression is inappropriate. There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia and those types marked by catatonia or hebephrenia.

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on schizophrenia

What made you want to look up schizophrenia? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

a strong desire or propensity

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Challenging Vocabulary Quiz Returns!

  • stylized drawing of woman pole vaulting across gap to get trophy
  • Which is a synonym of fuliginous?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!