schizophrenia

noun
schizo·​phre·​nia | \ ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə How to pronounce schizophrenia (audio) \

Definition of schizophrenia

1 medical : a mental illness that is characterized by disturbances in thought (such as delusions), perception (such as hallucinations), and behavior (such as disorganized speech or catatonic behavior), by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy, and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life

Note: Schizophrenia often involves an inability to orient oneself with reality, a withdrawal from social interactions, and a failure to integrate thoughts with emotions so that emotional expression is inappropriate. There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia and those types marked by catatonia or hebephrenia.

2 : contradictory or antagonistic qualities or attitudes both parties … have exhibited schizophrenia over the desired outcome— Elizabeth Drew

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Other Words from schizophrenia

schizophrenic \ ˌskit-​sə-​ˈfre-​nik How to pronounce schizophrenic (audio) \ adjective or noun
schizophrenically \ ˌskit-​sə-​ˈfre-​ni-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce schizophrenically (audio) \ adverb

Examples of schizophrenia in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

First, let’s recap why antipsychotics are sometimes used to treat conditions like bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Korin Miller, SELF, "What to Know About Getting Pregnant If You Take Antipsychotics," 17 Jan. 2019 In fact, research has begun to show that meditation can have a negative impact — can even trigger psychosis — in people who have suffered a severe trauma or who have bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Cindy Dampier, chicagotribune.com, "Mindfulness is not just a buzzword, it's a multibillion dollar industry. Here's the truth about the hype," 2 July 2018 The schizophrenia study, in Nature Medicine, finds something more intriguing. Sharon Begley, STAT, "Schizophrenia ‘risk genes’ are not so risky if the mother’s pregnancy was healthy," 28 May 2018 There are also some studies in humans demonstrating that CBD can decrease psychosis and schizophrenia-like symptoms. Kaitlyn Pirie, Woman's Day, "What Is CBD, and Why Is Everybody Talking About It?," 15 Feb. 2019 Cannabis misuse by the young raises genuine concerns about links to schizophrenia. The Economist, "High and mighty," 21 June 2018 William Davis, of the Harford County Sheriff’s Office, said in September that Moseley had been diagnosed with acute schizophrenia, The Baltimore Sun reported. Michael Kunzelman, The Seattle Times, "Girlfriend: Shooter prone to violence before deadly rampage," 28 Nov. 2018 Teri, who suffered from a metabolic disorder that resulted in brain damage and from schizophrenia that sometimes caused hallucinations, couldn’t read well and asked Jan for help. Gina Barton, jsonline.com, "Unsolved: Was Michelle Manders kidnapped or did she just wander off?," 13 Sep. 2017 Antipsychotics are often prescribed to people with schizophrenia. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "9 Things You Should Know About Taking Antipsychotic Drugs," 7 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'schizophrenia.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of schizophrenia

1909, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for schizophrenia

New Latin

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Statistics for schizophrenia

Last Updated

23 Apr 2019

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Time Traveler for schizophrenia

The first known use of schizophrenia was in 1909

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More Definitions for schizophrenia

schizophrenia

noun
schizo·​phre·​nia | \ ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə How to pronounce schizophrenia (audio) \

Medical Definition of schizophrenia

: a mental illness that is characterized by disturbances in thought (as delusions), perception (as hallucinations), and behavior (as disorganized speech or catatonic behavior), by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy, and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life

Note: Schizophrenia often involves an inability to orient oneself with reality, a withdrawal from social interactions, and a failure to integrate thoughts with emotions so that emotional expression is inappropriate. There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia and those types marked by catatonia or hebephrenia.

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