schizophrenia

noun
schizo·phre·nia | \ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə \

Definition of schizophrenia 

1 medical : a mental disorder that is characterized by disturbances in thought (such as delusions), perception (such as hallucinations), and behavior (such as disorganized speech or catatonic behavior), by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy, and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life

called also dementia praecox

Note: Schizophrenia often involves an inability to orient oneself with reality, a withdrawal from social interactions, and a failure to integrate thoughts with emotions so that emotional expression is inappropriate. There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia and those types marked by catatonia or hebephrenia.

2 : contradictory or antagonistic qualities or attitudes both parties … have exhibited schizophrenia over the desired outcome— Elizabeth Drew

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Other Words from schizophrenia

schizophrenic \ˌskit-sə-ˈfre-nik \ adjective or noun
schizophrenically \ˌskit-sə-ˈfre-ni-k(ə-)lē \ adverb

Examples of schizophrenia in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Lithium, which can be prescribed to treat bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or other mood disorder symptoms, can instead make users sweat too much. Anna Groves, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Meds leave mentally ill vulnerable during rising temps, so take care with the Milwaukee-area heat wave," 29 June 2018 Bipolar disorder, for example, was more similar to schizophrenia than to major depression even though clinicians may link bipolar disorder and depression, based on their symptoms. Mark Fischetti, Scientific American, "The Same Genes May Underlie Different Psychiatric Disorders," 12 July 2018 Anorexia nervosa, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia also cluster, as do Tourette’s syndrome and obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Economist, "A big collaboration is trying to understand diseases of the psyche," 28 June 2018 There are people at risk for schizophrenia who are usually kicked or flipped into it by a trauma of some kind. Hope Reese, Longreads, "‘I Was a Storm of Confetti’: Michael Pollan On Why It’s a Good Idea To Lose Your Self," 30 May 2018 Up to 70 percent of a person’s risk for schizophrenia is based on genes, according to the National Institutes of Health. Jared Gilmour, miamiherald, "You can inherit schizophrenia. But what happens during pregnancy is key, new study says," 28 May 2018 About 60 to 70 percent of a person’s risk for schizophrenia depends on their genes. Dana G. Smith, Scientific American, "The Placenta Is Now a Suspect In Heightening Schizophrenia Risk," 28 May 2018 An Iraq war veteran, Santiago has been treated for schizophrenia but was found competent to understand legal proceedings. Curt Anderson, Fox News, "Alaska man pleads guilty in Florida airport shooting," 23 May 2018 An Iraq war veteran, Santiago has been treated for schizophrenia but was found competent to understand legal proceedings. NBC News, "Alaska man Esteban Santiago pleads guilty in Florida airport shooting," 23 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'schizophrenia.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of schizophrenia

1909, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for schizophrenia

New Latin

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Last Updated

11 Oct 2018

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Time Traveler for schizophrenia

The first known use of schizophrenia was in 1909

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More Definitions for schizophrenia

schizophrenia

noun
schizo·phre·nia | \ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə \

Medical Definition of schizophrenia 

: a mental disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life, and by disintegration of personality expressed as disorder of feeling, thought (as in delusions), perception (as in hallucinations), and behavior

called also dementia praecox

— see paranoid schizophrenia

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