schizophrenia

noun
schizo·​phre·​nia | \ ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə How to pronounce schizophrenia (audio) \

Definition of schizophrenia

1 medical : a mental illness that is characterized by disturbances in thought (such as delusions), perception (such as hallucinations), and behavior (such as disorganized speech or catatonic behavior), by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy, and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life

Note: Schizophrenia often involves an inability to orient oneself with reality, a withdrawal from social interactions, and a failure to integrate thoughts with emotions so that emotional expression is inappropriate. There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia and those types marked by catatonia or hebephrenia.

2 : contradictory or antagonistic qualities or attitudes both parties … have exhibited schizophrenia over the desired outcome— Elizabeth Drew

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Other Words from schizophrenia

schizophrenic \ ˌskit-​sə-​ˈfre-​nik How to pronounce schizophrenic (audio) \ adjective or noun
schizophrenically \ ˌskit-​sə-​ˈfre-​ni-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce schizophrenically (audio) \ adverb

Examples of schizophrenia in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Before the killing, Dewitt, cycled in and out of psychiatric hospitals with schizophrenia. Otis R. Taylor Jr., SFChronicle.com, "Calling police on black people over petty matters: There’s a reason these videos go viral," 11 July 2019 First, Nancy and Jonathan are fired for pursuing Mr. Driscoll, who Tom says has been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Kathryn Lindsay, refinery29.com, "R29 Binge Club: Stranger Things Season 3," 5 July 2019 Twenty days later, Mathew stopped regularly taking clozapine, an antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia. oregonlive.com, "Kicked to the curb: How the state failed fragile mentally ill Oregonians," 22 June 2019 He was later diagnosed with schizophrenia and spent several years without a permanent home, falling into substance and alcohol abuse. Gianluca Mezzofiore, CNN, "After four decades, a homeless man is returning to college to finish his degree -- and his tuition will be paid," 4 June 2019 That case centered on a 48-year-old man with schizophrenia. oregonlive.com, "Kicked to the curb: How the state failed fragile mentally ill Oregonians," 22 June 2019 The social worker also revealed that Jones’ mother had schizophrenia and went into a mental institution for decades starting when Jones was 3. NBC News, "Mother of five kids murdered by their father asks court to spare his life," 11 June 2019 Psychosis during a bipolar mood episode can look a lot like the psychotic episode of someone who has schizophrenia. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "8 Facts About the Link Between Bipolar Disorder and Psychosis," 7 Dec. 2018 The study suggests that neither cigarette smoking nor schizophrenia was responsible for the connection to marijuana abuse, the researchers showed. Karen Weintraub, Scientific American, "Gene Increases Risk for Pot Addiction," 17 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'schizophrenia.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of schizophrenia

1909, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for schizophrenia

New Latin

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Statistics for schizophrenia

Last Updated

19 Jul 2019

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Time Traveler for schizophrenia

The first known use of schizophrenia was in 1909

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More Definitions for schizophrenia

schizophrenia

noun
schizo·​phre·​nia | \ ˌskit-sə-ˈfrē-nē-ə How to pronounce schizophrenia (audio) \

Medical Definition of schizophrenia

: a mental illness that is characterized by disturbances in thought (as delusions), perception (as hallucinations), and behavior (as disorganized speech or catatonic behavior), by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy, and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life

Note: Schizophrenia often involves an inability to orient oneself with reality, a withdrawal from social interactions, and a failure to integrate thoughts with emotions so that emotional expression is inappropriate. There are several subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia and those types marked by catatonia or hebephrenia.

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