sand fly

variants: or sandfly \ ˈsan(d)-​ˌflī How to pronounce sand fly (audio) \
plural sand flies or sandflies

Definition of sand fly

: any of various small biting dipteran flies (especially genus Phlebotomus of the family Psychodidae) — see also sandfly fever

Examples of sand fly in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In Europe, the parasite is carried by a species of sand fly that is not as effective of a vector as the one in Brazil, but scientists don’t know why, Hamilton says. Jim Daley, Smithsonian Magazine, 18 Mar. 2021 Besides combating malaria, gene drives could be used to alter, or even eliminate, other disease-causing insects, from the sand flies that transmit leishmaniasis to ticks that carry Lyme disease in the United States. Jennifer Kahn, New York Times, 8 Jan. 2020 It is transmitted through black flies, sand flies and biting midges, although scientists don’t completely understand its transmission process, the news release said. Noelle Phillips, The Denver Post, 2 Aug. 2019 Insects, particularly sand flies and black flies, can transmit the virus to animals. Trevor Reid, The Denver Post, 15 July 2019 Black flies, sand flies and biting midges likely transmit the disease. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, 26 July 2019 The viral disease is transmitted by insects — black flies, sand flies and biting midges. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, 5 July 2019 Red sand flies during the movie's cavalry battles, horses and soldiers tumbling. Dan Popkey, idahostatesman, 9 Aug. 2013

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sand fly.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of sand fly

1736, in the meaning defined above

Learn More About sand fly

Time Traveler for sand fly

Time Traveler

The first known use of sand fly was in 1736

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near sand fly

sand fluke

sand fly

sand-fly bush

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for sand fly

Cite this Entry

“Sand fly.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 21 Jan. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for sand fly

sand fly

variants: or sandfly

Medical Definition of sand fly

: any of various small biting dipteran flies (families Psychodidae, Simuliidae, and Ceratopogonidae) especially : any fly of the genus Phlebotomus — see also sandfly fever

More from Merriam-Webster on sand fly Encyclopedia article about sand fly


Test Your Vocabulary

Name that Thing: Flower Edition

Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!