sand fly


variants or sandfly
plural sand flies or sandflies
: any of various small biting dipteran flies (especially genus Phlebotomus of the family Psychodidae) see also sandfly fever

Examples of sand fly in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In Europe, the parasite is carried by a species of sand fly that is not as effective of a vector as the one in Brazil, but scientists don’t know why, Hamilton says. Jim Daley, Smithsonian Magazine, 18 Mar. 2021 Besides combating malaria, gene drives could be used to alter, or even eliminate, other disease-causing insects, from the sand flies that transmit leishmaniasis to ticks that carry Lyme disease in the United States. Jennifer Kahn, New York Times, 8 Jan. 2020 It is transmitted through black flies, sand flies and biting midges, although scientists don’t completely understand its transmission process, the news release said. Noelle Phillips, The Denver Post, 2 Aug. 2019 Insects, particularly sand flies and black flies, can transmit the virus to animals. Trevor Reid, The Denver Post, 15 July 2019 Black flies, sand flies and biting midges likely transmit the disease. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, 26 July 2019 The viral disease is transmitted by insects — black flies, sand flies and biting midges. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, 5 July 2019 Red sand flies during the movie's cavalry battles, horses and soldiers tumbling. Dan Popkey, idahostatesman, 9 Aug. 2013 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'sand fly.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1736, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of sand fly was in 1736

Dictionary Entries Near sand fly

Cite this Entry

“Sand fly.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 24 Sep. 2023.

Kids Definition

sand fly

: any of various small two-winged flies that bite

Medical Definition

sand fly

variants or sandfly
: any of various small biting dipteran flies (families Psychodidae, Simuliidae, and Ceratopogonidae)
especially : any fly of the genus Phlebotomus see also sandfly fever

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