1

ruff

play
noun \ˈrəf\
variants: or

ruffe

Definition of ruff

  1. :  a small freshwater European perch (Acerina cernua)

Origin and Etymology of ruff

Middle English ruf


First Known Use: 15th century


2

ruff

noun

Definition of ruff

  1. 1 :  a large round collar of pleated muslin or linen worn by men and women of the late 16th and early 17th centuries

  2. 2 :  a fringe or frill of long hairs or feathers growing around or on the neck of an animal

  3. 3 :  a common Eurasian sandpiper (Philomachus pugnax) whose male during the breeding season has a large ruff of erectile feathers on the neck

ruffed

play \ˈrəft\ adjective

Illustration of ruff

Origin and Etymology of ruff

probably back-formation from ruffle


First Known Use: 1555


3

ruff

verb

Definition of ruff

  1. intransitive verb
  2. :  to take a trick with a trump

  3. transitive verb
  4. :  to play a trump on (a card previously led or played)

Origin and Etymology of ruff

Middle French roffler


First Known Use: 1598


4

ruff

noun

Definition of ruff

  1. :  the act of trumping

Circa 1828

First Known Use of ruff

circa 1828


RUFF Defined for Kids

ruff

play
noun \ˈrəf\

Definition of ruff for Students

  1. 1 :  a large round collar of pleated fabric worn by men and women in the 16th and 17th centuries

  2. 2 :  a fringe of long hairs or feathers growing around or on the neck of an animal


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