res·​i·​den·​cy | \ ˈre-zə-dən(t)-sē How to pronounce residency (audio) , ˈrez-dən(t)-, ˈre-zə-ˌden(t)-\
plural residencies

Definition of residency

1a : a usually official place of residence
b : a state or period of residence a 20-year residency in the city also : residence sense 2c
2 : a territory in a protected state in which the powers of the protecting state are executed by a resident agent
3a : a period of advanced training in a medical specialty that normally follows graduation from medical school and licensing to practice medicine
c : a period as an artist in residence

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Examples of residency in a Sentence

You must meet the town's residency requirement in order to vote. a four-year residency in the country She recently completed her residency in pediatrics.
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Recent Examples on the Web

An asylee is eligible to apply for permanent residency (a green card) after one year. Erin Coulehan, Teen Vogue, "What Asylum Means, and Why People Seek It," 13 Nov. 2018 Quiros and Stenger were accused of misusing $200 million raised from foreign investors through the EB-5 visa program, which helps foreigners obtain permanent residency by investing in job-creating developments., "Two friends who worked at different pharmaceutical companies convicted of insider trading," 12 July 2018 Before receiving permanent residency, both women entered into the U.S. from Nicaragua under political asylum. Jessica Suriano, azcentral, "Mesa to celebrate Fourth of July with fireworks, naturalization ceremony for new citizens," 2 July 2018 Reza Kahlor, an Iranian scientist at Harvard who has legal permanent residency, has been weighing whether to start his new company in Canada ever since Trump signed the first order last year. Emily Dreyfuss, WIRED, "In Upholding Trump's Travel Ban, the Supreme Court Harms Scientists," 27 June 2018 After federal courts blocked that order, Trump signed a revised executive order March 26, 2017, targeting six countries while exempting travelers with visas and permanent-residency documents known as green cards. Bart Jansen, USA TODAY, "Will there be chaos at the airport? Not likely. A travel ban has been in place since December.," 26 June 2018 On the other hand, said Mendez, an employer who has knowingly hired people without legal residency can face federal penalties. John Myers,, "Federal judge is skeptical of Trump administration arguments against California's 'sanctuary' law," 21 June 2018 The new permanent-residency green cards would be issued each year only if Congress releases money for Trump’s border wall. Anna Edgerton,, "Trump Says He Won't Sign House Immigration Compromise Measure," 15 June 2018 Trump had hoped to use the young immigrants as a bargaining chip in the last round of budget negotiations, offering legal residency for them in exchange for money for a border wall and strict new immigration limits. Maria Sacchetti, ajc, "Federal judge: Trump administration must accept new DACA applicants," 26 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'residency.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of residency

1579, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Statistics for residency

Last Updated

18 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for residency

The first known use of residency was in 1579

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More Definitions for residency



English Language Learners Definition of residency

: the state or fact of living in a place
: a period of time when someone lives in a place
: legal permission to live in a place


res·​i·​den·​cy | \ ˈrez-əd-ən-sē How to pronounce residency (audio) \
plural residencies

Medical Definition of residency

: a period of advanced medical training and education that normally follows graduation from medical school and licensing to practice medicine and that consists of supervised practice of a specialty in a hospital and in its outpatient department and instruction from specialists on the hospital staff


res·​i·​den·​cy | \ ˈre-zə-dən-sē How to pronounce residency (audio) \
plural residencies

Legal Definition of residency

1 : an often official place of residence
2 : the condition of being a resident of a particular place

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