res·​i·​den·​cy | \ˈre-zə-dən(t)-sē, ˈrez-dən(t)-, ˈre-zə-ˌden(t)-\
plural residencies

Definition of residency 

1a : a usually official place of residence

b : a state or period of residence a 20-year residency in the city also : residence sense 2c

2 : a territory in a protected state in which the powers of the protecting state are executed by a resident agent

3a : a period of advanced training in a medical specialty that normally follows graduation from medical school and licensing to practice medicine

b : residence sense 4b

c : a period as an artist in residence

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Examples of residency in a Sentence

You must meet the town's residency requirement in order to vote. a four-year residency in the country She recently completed her residency in pediatrics.
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Recent Examples on the Web

The majority in the Central American caravan have refused Mexico’s repeated offers of residency or asylum, and vowed to cross the border. Julie Watson, The Seattle Times, "Caravan migrants weigh options after court blocks Trump ban," 20 Nov. 2018 Isaiah possesses North Dakota residency and would like to vote but finds the new voter ID law confusing and discouraging. Ruth Hopkins, Teen Vogue, "Native Voters Explain Why the Midterms Matter," 2 Nov. 2018 Others received papers in a first step toward a humanitarian Mexican residency visa, especially for the more vulnerable, or for asylum in Mexico. Travis Fedschun, Fox News, "Migrant 'caravan' begins to splinter, 'disperse' after Trump raises alarm," 2 Oct. 2018 The shows are slated for April, June and July at the MGM, the same venue where Lady Gaga will launch her residency in December. Kathleen Joyce, Fox News, "Aerosmith's Steven Tyler caught on live TV shoving selfie-seeking fan," 16 Aug. 2018 At this point, though, their brief residency at the arena is just a matter of meeting demand: All four shows are sold out, though there are tickets available on the resale market. New York Times, "13 Pop, Rock and Jazz Concerts to Check Out in N.Y.C. This Weekend," 5 July 2018 Vintimilla is from Ecuador and moved to Fort Worth in 1995 after completing his hospital residency in Cuenca. Hanaa’ Tameez And Rodger Mallison, star-telegram, "Mexican-Americans show signs of Alzheimer's 10 years earlier than others, study says," 19 June 2018 Alan married Sara in 1978, and during his medical residency in California in the early 1980s, Ben and Nate were born. Pam Kragen,, "Father, sons finish canoe trip 43 years later," 16 June 2018 Geisel’s slim 1971 book for kids — written during the late, great author’s longtime residency in La Jolla — and expanded it to encompass a whole universe of back story. James Hebert,, "At Old Globe, 'The Lorax' brings Dr. Seuss' environmental saga to vivid life," 8 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'residency.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of residency

1579, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Statistics for residency

Last Updated

9 Dec 2018

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Time Traveler for residency

The first known use of residency was in 1579

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More Definitions for residency



English Language Learners Definition of residency

: the state or fact of living in a place

: a period of time when someone lives in a place

: legal permission to live in a place


res·​i·​den·​cy | \ˈrez-əd-ən-sē \
plural residencies

Medical Definition of residency 

: a period of advanced medical training and education that normally follows graduation from medical school and licensing to practice medicine and that consists of supervised practice of a specialty in a hospital and in its outpatient department and instruction from specialists on the hospital staff


res·​i·​den·​cy | \ˈre-zə-dən-sē \
plural residencies

Legal Definition of residency 

1 : an often official place of residence

2 : the condition of being a resident of a particular place

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Comments on residency

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the figure or shape of a crescent moon

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