residencia

noun
res·​i·​den·​cia | \ˌrezəˈden(t)sēə, -)thēə\
plural -s

Definition of residencia 

: a court or inquiry held in Spanish countries for a period of 70 days by a specially commissioned judge to examine into the conduct of a retiring high official (as a viceroy, captain general, governor)

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History and Etymology for residencia

Spanish, literally, residence, from Medieval Latin residentia

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