reductone

noun
re·duc·tone | \-kˌtōn\
plural -s

Definition of reductone 

: any of a class of reducing enediol aldehydes or ketones RC(OH)=C(OH)COR especially : a crystalline osone HOCH2COCHO or a tautomer [as HOCH=C(OH)CHO] that is a strong reducing agent in alkaline solution and is obtained from glucose by alkaline degradation or from dihydroxy-acetone by oxidation; hydroxy-pyruvaldehyde ascorbic acids … may be considered as reductones — W. W. Pigman & R. M. Goepp †1946

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History and Etymology for reductone

reduction + -one

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