reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Definition of reciprocal

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : inversely related : opposite
b : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
2 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides
3 : serving to reciprocate : consisting of or functioning as a return in kind the reciprocal devastation of nuclear war
4a : mutually corresponding agreed to extend reciprocal privileges to each other's citizens
b : marked by or based on reciprocity reciprocal trade agreements

reciprocal

noun

Definition of reciprocal (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : something in a reciprocal relationship to another
2 : either of a pair of numbers (such as ²/₃ and ³/₂ or 9 and ¹/₉) whose product is one broadly : multiplicative inverse

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Other Words from reciprocal

Adjective

reciprocally \ ri-​ˈsi-​prə-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce reciprocally (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for reciprocal

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Frequently Asked Questions About reciprocal

What is the difference between reciprocity and endorsement?

Each of these words has multiple meanings, some of which are similar, and others of which are not. Reciprocity may mean "a mutual exchange of privileges" and is often applied to things such as professional certification (neighboring states may have a reciprocal agreement so that certification a worker needs is applicable in each). Endorsement may mean "sanction, approval" or simply refer to "the act or process of endorsing."

Can reciprocity be mutual?

Reciprocal and mutual share a good deal of meaning; the former may be defined as "shared, felt, or shown by both sides," and the latter as "shared in common." Based on this semantic overlap some usage guides caution against using any form of the two words (mutually reciprocal, or mutual reciprocity) together, on the grounds that it is redundant.

Is reciprocity a noun or verb?

Reciprocity is a noun. The verb form of the word is reciprocate; the adjective is reciprocal, and the adverb is reciprocally.

Examples of reciprocal in a Sentence

Adjective the two nations agreed to give reciprocal work rights to each other's citizens, thus facilitating the daily border crossings of workers from both countries
Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Shan recommends that the U.S. eliminate all duties and request reciprocal treatment from our trading partners, in a reversal of the tit-for-tat tariff hikes that have so damaged our economy over the past two years. Shawn Tully, Fortune, "The quickest way to boost the economy isn’t even being considered. Why?," 25 Mar. 2020 Pandemic care This spirit of reciprocal support extends to the care of animals. Belinda Kong, The Conversation, "How Chinese people came together when separated by quarantine, creating hope, humor and art," 18 Mar. 2020 The Australian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council requested the firefighters as part of a reciprocal deal that sent 138 Australians to fight U.S. wildfires in 2018. Fox News, "Effects from Australian bushfires felt all over as smoke lingers over South America," 9 Jan. 2020 What’s more, blood-sharing tends to be reciprocal, with bats more likely to provide a meal to a partner that has shared with them in the past. National Geographic, "See the Full Archive," 19 Mar. 2020 But what is most remarkable about the Moltkes, more than their courage or faith, two aspects of character that are reciprocal, is their gratitude regardless of their circumstances. Mary Spencer, National Review, "What Real Resistance Looks Like," 29 Feb. 2020 To encourage reciprocal treatment of U.S. diplomats trapped abroad, Roosevelt sent Axis diplomats to remote luxury hotels—a move that enraged Americans stunned by the attack. Harvey Solomon, Smithsonian Magazine, "When the Greenbrier and Other Appalachian Resorts Became Prisons for Axis Diplomats," 21 Feb. 2020 The rights and responsibilities of parents and their adult children are reciprocal. New York Times, "What Should I Do About the Workaholic Who Works for Me?," 26 Nov. 2019 Raising tariffs against one country or region is inevitably reciprocal, costing both sides valuable markets for their goods or production. David A. Andelman For Cnn Business Perspectives, CNN, "Trump is taking us back to depression-era trade policy," 30 Aug. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun For now, one hint that TKV may have an edge is that the reciprocals of the series of angles produced by the model, unlike those in the older model, follow a nearly periodic progression. Quanta Magazine, "What’s the Magic Behind Graphene’s ‘Magic’ Angle?," 28 May 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'reciprocal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of reciprocal

Adjective

1570, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1570, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for reciprocal

Adjective

Latin reciprocus returning the same way, alternating

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Time Traveler for reciprocal

Time Traveler

The first known use of reciprocal was in 1570

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Statistics for reciprocal

Last Updated

24 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Reciprocal.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reciprocal. Accessed 31 May. 2020.

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More Definitions for reciprocal

reciprocal

adjective
How to pronounce reciprocal (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of reciprocal

used to describe a relationship in which two people or groups agree to do something similar for each other, to allow each other to have the same rights, etc.

reciprocal

noun
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Kids Definition of reciprocal

: one of a pair of numbers (as 9 and ¹/₉, ²/₃ and ³/₂) whose product is one

reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsip-rə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Medical Definition of reciprocal

1 : inversely related
2 : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
3 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides

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reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Legal Definition of reciprocal

b : bilateral a reciprocal contract
2 : characterized by correspondence or equivalence especially in return or response with another of the same category an … agreement permitting the reciprocal use of each other's landIngham v. Block, 351 S.W.3d 96 (2011) also : marked by such correspondence or equivalence between its own components a reciprocal arrangement
3 : marked by reciprocity between states

Other Words from reciprocal

reciprocally adverb

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Comments on reciprocal

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