reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Definition of reciprocal

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : inversely related : opposite
b : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
2 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides
3 : serving to reciprocate : consisting of or functioning as a return in kind the reciprocal devastation of nuclear war
4a : mutually corresponding agreed to extend reciprocal privileges to each other's citizens
b : marked by or based on reciprocity reciprocal trade agreements

reciprocal

noun

Definition of reciprocal (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : something in a reciprocal relationship to another
2 : either of a pair of numbers (such as ²/₃ and ³/₂ or 9 and ¹/₉) whose product is one broadly : multiplicative inverse

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Other Words from reciprocal

Adjective

reciprocally \ ri-​ˈsi-​prə-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for reciprocal

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Frequently Asked Questions About reciprocal

What is the difference between reciprocity and endorsement?

Each of these words has multiple meanings, some of which are similar, and others of which are not. Reciprocity may mean "a mutual exchange of privileges" and is often applied to things such as professional certification (neighboring states may have a reciprocal agreement so that certification a worker needs is applicable in each). Endorsement may mean "sanction, approval" or simply refer to "the act or process of endorsing."

Can reciprocity be mutual?

Reciprocal and mutual share a good deal of meaning; the former may be defined as "shared, felt, or shown by both sides," and the latter as "shared in common." Based on this semantic overlap some usage guides caution against using any form of the two words (mutually reciprocal, or mutual reciprocity) together, on the grounds that it is redundant.

Is reciprocity a noun or verb?

Reciprocity is a noun. The verb form of the word is reciprocate; the adjective is reciprocal, and the adverb is reciprocally.

Examples of reciprocal in a Sentence

Adjective the two nations agreed to give reciprocal work rights to each other's citizens, thus facilitating the daily border crossings of workers from both countries
Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective At the same time, the U.S. travel industry is urging the Biden administration to ease restrictions on international travelers visiting the United States, which could open reciprocal arrangements. Washington Post, "Despite vaccines, many international travelers are postponing vacations — again," 16 Apr. 2021 Past sanctions have triggered a tit-for-tat series of reciprocal expulsions of both U.S. and Russian diplomats. Los Angeles Times, "Biden announces Russia sanctions, says U.S. not looking for ‘cycle of escalation’," 15 Apr. 2021 There is even more evidence of this reciprocal relationship between positive experiences at work and those in life. Tracy Brower, Forbes, "The Business Case For Happiness: Evidence Happiness Is Good For Organizations, People, Communities," 11 Apr. 2021 Spain continues to be off limits to visitors from non-EU and non-Schengen countries, as well as from all countries without a reciprocal agreement with Spain for accepting travelers--which the United States does not have. Klara Glowczewska, Town & Country, "Your Best Chance of Getting to the Mediterranean This Summer is a Trip to Greece or Turkey," 30 Mar. 2021 Washington’s decision to impose fresh sanctions on Russia was met with condemnation from senior officials and Kremlin supporters, all insisting that Moscow’s response would be fierce and reciprocal. Vivian Salama, WSJ, "U.S. Puts Fresh Sanctions on Russia Over Hacking, Election Interference," 15 Apr. 2021 Supporters of the bill claim that Iowans would still obtain permits in order to carry their handguns in other states that have reciprocal agreements with Iowa, the Iowa State Daily reported. Peter Aitken, Fox News, "Iowa governor signs 'constitutional carry' bill that removes permit requirements for handguns," 4 Apr. 2021 More than 600 reciprocal and one-year emergency certifications have been issued to date under an executive order from Gov. Janet Mills to provide more flexibility for certifying education professionals. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, "Transit memorial, pen pals, White House doctor: News from around our 50 states," 26 Jan. 2021 This is a reciprocal discipline action based on a Letter of Reprimand filed by the State Bar of Nevada. Rafael Olmeda, sun-sentinel.com, "Supreme Court disciplines seven South Florida attorneys," 31 Mar. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun For now, one hint that TKV may have an edge is that the reciprocals of the series of angles produced by the model, unlike those in the older model, follow a nearly periodic progression. Quanta Magazine, "What’s the Magic Behind Graphene’s ‘Magic’ Angle?," 28 May 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'reciprocal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of reciprocal

Adjective

1570, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1570, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for reciprocal

Adjective

Latin reciprocus returning the same way, alternating

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Time Traveler for reciprocal

Time Traveler

The first known use of reciprocal was in 1570

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Statistics for reciprocal

Last Updated

29 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Reciprocal.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reciprocal. Accessed 10 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for reciprocal

reciprocal

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of reciprocal

used to describe a relationship in which two people or groups agree to do something similar for each other, to allow each other to have the same rights, etc.

reciprocal

noun
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Kids Definition of reciprocal

: one of a pair of numbers (as 9 and ¹/₉, ²/₃ and ³/₂) whose product is one

reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsip-rə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Medical Definition of reciprocal

1 : inversely related
2 : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
3 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides

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reciprocal

adjective
re·​cip·​ro·​cal | \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl How to pronounce reciprocal (audio) \

Legal Definition of reciprocal

b : bilateral a reciprocal contract
2 : characterized by correspondence or equivalence especially in return or response with another of the same category an … agreement permitting the reciprocal use of each other's landIngham v. Block, 351 S.W.3d 96 (2011) also : marked by such correspondence or equivalence between its own components a reciprocal arrangement
3 : marked by reciprocity between states

Other Words from reciprocal

reciprocally adverb

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Comments on reciprocal

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