1

reciprocal

adjective re·cip·ro·cal \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl \
Updated on: 15 Nov 2017

Definition of reciprocal

1 a : inversely related : opposite
b : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
2 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides
3 : serving to reciprocate : consisting of or functioning as a return in kind
  • the reciprocal devastation of nuclear war
4 a : mutually corresponding
  • agreed to extend reciprocal privileges to each other's citizens
b : marked by or based on reciprocity
  • reciprocal trade agreements

reciprocally

play \ri-ˈsi-prə-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

Examples of reciprocal in a Sentence

  1. the two nations agreed to give reciprocal work rights to each other's citizens, thus facilitating the daily border crossings of workers from both countries

Recent Examples of reciprocal from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'reciprocal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Did You Know?

In Latin, reciprocus means "returning the same way" or "alternating". So in a reciprocating engine, like the one in your car, the pistons move back and forth, and that motion is transformed into the rotary motion of the crankshaft. A reciprocal is a pair of numbers (such as 5/6 and 6/5) that can be multiplied to produce 1. Reciprocity (with the accent on the third syllable) between two nations means they agree to recognize certain things granted in one country as being valid in the other—for example, your driver's license.

Origin and Etymology of reciprocal

Latin reciprocus returning the same way, alternating


2

reciprocal

noun

Definition of reciprocal

1 : something in a reciprocal relationship to another
2 : either of a pair of numbers (such as ²/₃ and ³/₂ or 9 and ¹/₉) whose product is one; broadly : multiplicative inverse

First Known Use of reciprocal

1570


RECIPROCAL Defined for English Language Learners

reciprocal

adjective

Definition of reciprocal for English Language Learners

  • —used to describe a relationship in which two people or groups agree to do something similar for each other, to allow each other to have the same rights, etc.


RECIPROCAL Defined for Kids

reciprocal

noun re·cip·ro·cal \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl \

Definition of reciprocal for Students

: one of a pair of numbers (as 9 and ¹/₉, ²/₃ and ³/₂) whose product is one

Medical Dictionary

reciprocal

adjective re·cip·ro·cal \ ri-ˈsip-rə-kəl \

medical Definition of reciprocal

1 : inversely related
2 : of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa
3 : shared, felt, or shown by both sides

Law Dictionary

reciprocal

adjective re·cip·ro·cal \ ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl \

legal Definition of reciprocal

1 a : mutual 2
b : bilateral
  • a reciprocal contract
2 : characterized by correspondence or equivalence especially in return or response with another of the same category
  • an … agreement permitting the reciprocal use of each other's land
  • Ingham v. Block, 351 S.W.3d 96 (2011)
; also : marked by such correspondence or equivalence between its own components
  • a reciprocal arrangement
3 : marked by reciprocity between states

reciprocally

adverb


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