ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈra-shən How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrā- How to pronounce ration (audio) \

Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a food allowance for one day
b rations plural : food, provisions
2 : a share especially as determined by supply

ration

verb
rationed; rationing\ ˈra-​sh(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrā-​ \

Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to supply with or put on rations
2a : to distribute as rations often used with out
b : to distribute equitably
c : to use sparingly

Examples of ration in a Sentence

Noun The soldiers were given their rations for the day. The horse was fed its ration of oats. weekly sugar and butter rations Verb During the war, the government rationed gasoline. the region has had to ration water during times of drought
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Footage from a local television report showed customers forming long lines at one of the stores in Tokyo to get their last orders of the larger portion fries before the ration went into effect. Max Zimmerman, Fortune, 29 Dec. 2021 Back then, money was nearly irrelevant because the state provided what its citizens needed — for example, by providing ration cards. Washington Post, 22 Dec. 2021 To access welfare schemes, Indians need to have this unique ID linked to their respective accounts like ration cards. Manavi Kapur, Quartz, 18 Oct. 2021 Many states are seeing health care systems overwhelmed, causing medical providers to ration care and delay non-urgent services, including screenings and elective surgeries. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, 7 Dec. 2021 With this in mind, Cuban Cabinet ministers announced a mix of measures including permits for travelers to import food and medicine without limits and allowing people to use their ration books to obtain subsidized goods outside their hometowns. BostonGlobe.com, 18 July 2021 With this in mind, Cuban Cabinet ministers announced a mix of measures including permits for travelers to import food and medicine without limits and allowing people to use their ration books to obtain subsidized goods outside their hometowns. Andrea Rodríguez, USA TODAY, 17 July 2021 Cuban ministers subsequently relaxed restrictions on travelers seeking to import food and medicine and allowed citizens to use ration books outside their hometowns. Washington Post, 17 July 2021 Experts in Nebraska warned that its hospitals soon may need to ration care. Ed White, Anchorage Daily News, 19 Dec. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Blood donations are in such short supply nationally that doctors have been forced to ration the precious liquid, the Red Cross said Tuesday in a plea for more donors to come forward. oregonlive, 11 Jan. 2022 The fast food company is being forced to ration the product in Japan because of supply chain bottlenecks. Ananya Bhattacharya, Quartz, 21 Dec. 2021 The high cost of insulin has been a major concern for diabetic Americans, forcing some to ration their doses -- with sometimes fatal consequences. Katie Lobosco And Tami Luhby, CNN, 7 Dec. 2021 That district, like Healdsburg, Cloverdale, Hopland and so many others in the basin, is also getting less water from the lake and the river downstream, and having to ration as a result. Kurtis Alexander, San Francisco Chronicle, 12 Nov. 2021 The announcement from China's National Development and Reform Commission comes after weeks of power shortages across many provinces, forcing the government to ration electricity during peak hours and some factories to suspend production. Philip Wang, CNN, 20 Oct. 2021 Some aid workers are forced to ration their own food. Arkansas Online, 24 Sep. 2021 In Alaska, where only half the population is fully vaccinated, hospitals are at capacity and doctors have had to ration intensive care. Dhruv Khullar, The New Yorker, 10 Oct. 2021 State governments in the country have had to ration Covid-19 vaccines doses and shut down free vaccination centres, while private centres, where Indians can pay to get the vaccine, have plenty of shots available. Manavi Kapur, Quartz, 2 Aug. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'ration.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of ration

Noun

circa 1711, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1834, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for ration

Noun

French, from Latin ration-, ratio computation, reason

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Time Traveler for ration

Time Traveler

The first known use of ration was circa 1711

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Dictionary Entries Near ration

ratiomotor

ration

rational

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Statistics for ration

Last Updated

14 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Ration.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ration. Accessed 23 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for ration

ration

noun

English Language Learners Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a particular amount of food that is given to one person or animal for one day
: food or supplies
: a particular amount of something (such as gasoline or food) that the government allows you to have when there is not enough of it

ration

verb

English Language Learners Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to control the amount of (something, such as gasoline or food) that people are allowed to have especially when there is not enough of it

ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈra-shən How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrā-shən \

Kids Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a food allowance for one day
2 rations plural : provision entry 1 sense 1
3 : the amount each person is allowed by an authority The government set a gas ration.

ration

verb
rationed; rationing

Kids Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to control the amount an individual can use The government rationed gas.
2 : to use sparingly Ration your water on the hike.

ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈrash-ən How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrā-shən How to pronounce ration (audio) \

Medical Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a food allowance for one day

ration

transitive verb
rationed; rationing\ ˈrash-​(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrāsh-​ How to pronounce ration (audio) \

Medical Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to supply with or put on rations

More from Merriam-Webster on ration

Nglish: Translation of ration for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of ration for Arabic Speakers

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