ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈra-shən, ˈrā- \

Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a food allowance for one day
b rations plural : food, provisions
2 : a share especially as determined by supply

ration

verb
rationed; rationing\ ˈra-​sh(ə-​)niŋ , ˈrā-​ \

Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to supply with or put on rations
2a : to distribute as rations often used with out
b : to distribute equitably
c : to use sparingly

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Examples of ration in a Sentence

Noun

The soldiers were given their rations for the day. The horse was fed its ration of oats. weekly sugar and butter rations

Verb

During the war, the government rationed gasoline. the region has had to ration water during times of drought
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The load included up to a fortnight of rations, a saw, a wicker basket, a shovel, a waterskin, a sickle, and a pickaxe, as well as weapons, armor, and a shield. David Hambling, Popular Mechanics, "The Overloaded Soldier: Why U.S. Infantry Now Carry More Weight Than Ever," 26 Dec. 2018 These craftsmen, says Tal, would in turn receive a portion of the prisoner’s daily rations. Jane Levere, Smithsonian, "This Remarkable Charm Bracelet Chronicles a Life Inside a Concentration Camp," 16 Apr. 2018 These flour-and-grease creations were created by enterprising Native American women in the 19th century with the rations the Army handed out to those relegated to reservations. azcentral, "From climate to fry bread, 125 reasons to love Arizona," 15 May 2015 Days before her delivery, Noor continued to hide in the back of her shelter, making do with the barest of refugee rations. New York Times, "When a Baby Is an Everyday Reminder of Rohingya Horror," 7 July 2018 After a one-year delay, the peak of military rations is set to feed U.S. troops around the world. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Good News, Troops: The Pizza MREs Are Back," 22 Feb. 2018 The Seahawks’ balanced attack produced 331 total yards of offense with a run-pass ration of 31 to 26. Seattle Times Sports Staff, The Seattle Times, "What the national media are saying about the Seahawks’ win in Arizona that lost them Earl Thomas," 1 Oct. 2018 Punishments can include forfeiture of pay, extra duty, reduction in grade, confinement in military jail, bread and water or decreased food rations. Eileen Reslen, Good Housekeeping, "10 Significant Moments You Missed From 'This Is Us' Last Night," 17 Oct. 2018 An Indonesian teenager, who worked on a floating fish trap 80 miles off the country's coast, survived 49 days adrift in the Pacific Ocean with only a Bible, limited rations and a small radio, reports said Monday. Edmund Demarche, Fox News, "Indonesian teen survives 49 days adrift without paddle, but with Bible: report," 24 Sep. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

But as for whether or not a perfume can truly, if rationed, last for years and years to come, the jury is still out. Lauren Valenti, Marie Claire, "Can Fragrance Go Bad? Here's How to Tell If You Need to Toss Yours," 7 Aug. 2015 How about the people of Cuba who are still subjected to rationing booklets, that can script (ph) how much food each of them can buy every month. Fox News, "Lynne Patton responds to Omarosa audio tape," 15 Aug. 2018 That's because the scarce supply is rationed, given only to those with the best survival chances. Fox News, "Doctors explore lifting barriers to living organ donation," 10 Sep. 2018 In fact, Elizabeth saved war-rationing coupons to go toward the cost of her gown. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "Prince Philip's Family Made a Huge Sacrifice for Queen Elizabeth's Engagement Ring," 25 Aug. 2018 Start rationing paychecks, scouring Amazon and creating a shopping game plan. Jessica Suriano, azcentral, "How to shop like a pro during Amazon Prime Day," 12 July 2018 The 13 starving siblings held captive in a California house were allowed to eat only one rationed meal a day and shower just twice a year, a law enforcement official with knowledge of the case told NBC News. Daniel Arkin, NBC News, "California torture house: 13 siblings allowed to eat once a day, shower twice a year," 18 Jan. 2018 As a result, physicians are rationing these painkillers for use on more severe cases, and offering alternatives such as slower-acting or less effective medications to other cases, the Associated Press’s Linda A. Johnson reports. Washington Post, "The Health 202: Kennedy's retirement raises possibility of overturning Roe v. Wade," 28 June 2018 Smith, the coolest man at Belmont Park, who did not even celebrate when the race and the Triple Crown were won, rationed it perfectly. Dick Jerardi, Philly.com, "Justify wins Triple Crown, solidifies his place in elite group | Dick Jerardi," 9 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'ration.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of ration

Noun

circa 1711, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1834, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for ration

Noun

French, from Latin ration-, ratio computation, reason

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Statistics for ration

Last Updated

12 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for ration

The first known use of ration was circa 1711

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More Definitions for ration

ration

noun

English Language Learners Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a particular amount of food that is given to one person or animal for one day

rations : food or supplies

: a particular amount of something (such as gasoline or food) that the government allows you to have when there is not enough of it

ration

verb

English Language Learners Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to control the amount of (something, such as gasoline or food) that people are allowed to have especially when there is not enough of it

ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈra-shən, ˈrā-shən\

Kids Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a food allowance for one day
2 rations plural : provision entry 1 sense 1
3 : the amount each person is allowed by an authority The government set a gas ration.

ration

verb
rationed; rationing

Kids Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to control the amount an individual can use The government rationed gas.
2 : to use sparingly Ration your water on the hike.

ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈrash-ən, ˈrā-shən \

Medical Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a food allowance for one day
rationed; rationing\ ˈrash-​(ə-​)niŋ , ˈrāsh-​ \

Medical Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to supply with or put on rations

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More from Merriam-Webster on ration

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with ration

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for ration

Spanish Central: Translation of ration

Nglish: Translation of ration for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of ration for Arabic Speakers

Comments on ration

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