ration

noun
ra·tion | \ˈra-shən, ˈrā- \

Definition of ration 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a food allowance for one day

b rations plural : food, provisions

2 : a share especially as determined by supply

ration

verb
rationed; rationing\ˈra-sh(ə-)niŋ, ˈrā- \

Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to supply with or put on rations

2a : to distribute as rations often used with out

b : to distribute equitably

c : to use sparingly

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Examples of ration in a Sentence

Noun

The soldiers were given their rations for the day. The horse was fed its ration of oats. weekly sugar and butter rations

Verb

During the war, the government rationed gasoline. the region has had to ration water during times of drought
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Dina El-Kassaby, regional communications officer for the WFP, told NBC News that despite the setback, food rations have reached 45,000 people and supplies are being gathered in anticipation of increasing need. NBC News, "Humanitarian crisis escalates with regime airstrikes in southern Syria," 30 June 2018 Manufacturing shortages are forcing many doctors and pharmacists to sometimes ration injected opioids, reserving them for the patients suffering most. Linda A. Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "The other opioid crisis: Hospitals grapple with prolonged injected opioid shortage," 28 June 2018 Deeper in the chamber, four SEALs kept watch on the boys as their comrades ferried in field rations and water. Shibani Mahtani, Washington Post, "‘Time is running out’: Inside the treacherous rescue of boys trapped in a Thai cave," 13 July 2018 Despite scarce rations and serious injuries, Ashcraft made it to Hilo Harbor 41 days later. Shawnté Salabert, Outside Online, "The Real Survival Story Behind 'Adrift'," 7 June 2018 An altar constructed from C-ration and empty ammunition boxes allowed American soldiers so many miles from home the opportunity to worship. Tracy Maness, Houston Chronicle, "Marine killed in Vietnam walked in faith, service," 21 May 2018 Pilot: Navigating, calculating wind speeds and fuel ration and much more are involved in piloting an aircraft. chicagotribune.com, "Jobs add up for students proficient in math," 19 Apr. 2018 Of the payments that were made, the government often gave the money directly to traders who were supposed to supply the Dakota with rations. Ruth Hopkins, Teen Vogue, "Treaties Between the United States and Indigenous Nations, Explained," 24 Feb. 2018 Over the past few weeks, Coca-Cola’s European bottler temporarily halted some of its production lines and Booker, the U.K.’s biggest wholesaler, was forced to ration sales of beer, ciders and soft drinks. Brigit Katz, Smithsonian, "A Carbon Dioxide Shortage Is Threatening the U.K.’s Supply of Beer and Crumpets," 3 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Start rationing paychecks, scouring Amazon and creating a shopping game plan. Jessica Suriano, azcentral, "How to shop like a pro during Amazon Prime Day," 12 July 2018 The 13 starving siblings held captive in a California house were allowed to eat only one rationed meal a day and shower just twice a year, a law enforcement official with knowledge of the case told NBC News. Daniel Arkin, NBC News, "California torture house: 13 siblings allowed to eat once a day, shower twice a year," 18 Jan. 2018 As a result, physicians are rationing these painkillers for use on more severe cases, and offering alternatives such as slower-acting or less effective medications to other cases, the Associated Press’s Linda A. Johnson reports. Washington Post, "The Health 202: Kennedy's retirement raises possibility of overturning Roe v. Wade," 28 June 2018 Smith, the coolest man at Belmont Park, who did not even celebrate when the race and the Triple Crown were won, rationed it perfectly. Dick Jerardi, Philly.com, "Justify wins Triple Crown, solidifies his place in elite group | Dick Jerardi," 9 June 2018 That has bitten into public education: some rural districts in Oklahoma have a four-day week and some schools are rationing paper and cutting foreign language classes. BostonGlobe.com, "Teacher walkouts threaten Republican grip on conservative states," 13 Apr. 2018 The industrialized nations of the world, hurtling headfirst into world war, began rationing steel for a select few purposes: ships, tanks, guns, and planes. Jonathan Schifman, Popular Mechanics, "The Entire History of Steel," 9 July 2018 Subsidized housing is often rationed this way, by lottery. New York Times, "These 95 Apartments Promised Affordable Rent in San Francisco. Then 6,580 People Applied.," 12 May 2018 Teams drilled a series of holes in an effort to find the men, who were carefully rationing food, water and lamp fuel. John Bacon, USA TODAY, "These dramatic rescues boost hope for boys trapped in water-logged Thailand cave," 4 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'ration.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of ration

Noun

circa 1711, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1834, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for ration

Noun

French, from Latin ration-, ratio computation, reason

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Phrases Related to ration

short rations

Statistics for ration

Last Updated

5 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for ration

The first known use of ration was circa 1711

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More Definitions for ration

ration

noun

English Language Learners Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a particular amount of food that is given to one person or animal for one day

rations : food or supplies

: a particular amount of something (such as gasoline or food) that the government allows you to have when there is not enough of it

ration

verb

English Language Learners Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to control the amount of (something, such as gasoline or food) that people are allowed to have especially when there is not enough of it

ration

noun
ra·tion | \ˈra-shən, ˈrā-shən\

Kids Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a food allowance for one day

2 rations plural : provision entry 1 sense 1

3 : the amount each person is allowed by an authority The government set a gas ration.

ration

verb
rationed; rationing

Kids Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to control the amount an individual can use The government rationed gas.

2 : to use sparingly Ration your water on the hike.

ration

noun
ra·tion | \ˈrash-ən, ˈrā-shən \

Medical Definition of ration 

(Entry 1 of 2)

: a food allowance for one day

rationed; rationing\ˈrash-(ə-)niŋ, ˈrāsh- \

Medical Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to supply with or put on rations

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Comments on ration

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