ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈra-shən How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrā- How to pronounce ration (audio) \

Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a food allowance for one day
b rations plural : food, provisions
2 : a share especially as determined by supply

ration

verb
rationed; rationing\ ˈra-​sh(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce rationing (audio) , ˈrā-​ \

Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to supply with or put on rations
2a : to distribute as rations often used with out
b : to distribute equitably
c : to use sparingly

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Examples of ration in a Sentence

Noun

The soldiers were given their rations for the day. The horse was fed its ration of oats. weekly sugar and butter rations

Verb

During the war, the government rationed gasoline. the region has had to ration water during times of drought
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Burchett had been a firefighter since high school graduation and thrived in the tough conditions: sleeping on the ground, eating crew members’ rations and working to protect people, his family and friends said. Lindsay Whitehurst, The Seattle Times, "APNewsBreak: Utah firefighter died after plane made drop," 20 Aug. 2018 Under the watchful eye of Ms. Venable (one of two roles played by Sarah Paulson this season), Outpost Three is running low on rations and nearly is a state of revolt when Michael arrives on their doorstep. Allie Gemmill, Teen Vogue, ""American Horror Story: Apocalypse" Is Here and So Is Demon Child Michael Langdon," 13 Sep. 2018 There nearly a quarter million Somalis live in makeshift slums with meager food rations, no work and constant violence from terrorists and gangs. Abdi Nor Iftin, Time, "President Trump Betrayed My American Dream," 20 June 2018 The load included up to a fortnight of rations, a saw, a wicker basket, a shovel, a waterskin, a sickle, and a pickaxe, as well as weapons, armor, and a shield. David Hambling, Popular Mechanics, "The Overloaded Soldier: Why U.S. Infantry Now Carry More Weight Than Ever," 26 Dec. 2018 These craftsmen, says Tal, would in turn receive a portion of the prisoner’s daily rations. Jane Levere, Smithsonian, "This Remarkable Charm Bracelet Chronicles a Life Inside a Concentration Camp," 16 Apr. 2018 These flour-and-grease creations were created by enterprising Native American women in the 19th century with the rations the Army handed out to those relegated to reservations. azcentral, "From climate to fry bread, 125 reasons to love Arizona," 15 May 2015 Days before her delivery, Noor continued to hide in the back of her shelter, making do with the barest of refugee rations. New York Times, "When a Baby Is an Everyday Reminder of Rohingya Horror," 7 July 2018 After a one-year delay, the peak of military rations is set to feed U.S. troops around the world. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Good News, Troops: The Pizza MREs Are Back," 22 Feb. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Insurers that administrate benefits are rationing treatment due to paltry government payments. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "Battle of the Statehouses," 23 Oct. 2018 Residents described long queues for gasoline, which is rationed, and frequent power outages. Jared Malsin, WSJ, "Egypt’s Hidden War Against Islamic State Upends Lives in Sinai," 11 Oct. 2018 But as for whether or not a perfume can truly, if rationed, last for years and years to come, the jury is still out. Lauren Valenti, Marie Claire, "Can Fragrance Go Bad? Here's How to Tell If You Need to Toss Yours," 7 Aug. 2015 How about the people of Cuba who are still subjected to rationing booklets, that can script (ph) how much food each of them can buy every month. Fox News, "Lynne Patton responds to Omarosa audio tape," 15 Aug. 2018 That's because the scarce supply is rationed, given only to those with the best survival chances. Fox News, "Doctors explore lifting barriers to living organ donation," 10 Sep. 2018 In fact, Elizabeth saved war-rationing coupons to go toward the cost of her gown. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "Prince Philip's Family Made a Huge Sacrifice for Queen Elizabeth's Engagement Ring," 25 Aug. 2018 Start rationing paychecks, scouring Amazon and creating a shopping game plan. Jessica Suriano, azcentral, "How to shop like a pro during Amazon Prime Day," 12 July 2018 The 13 starving siblings held captive in a California house were allowed to eat only one rationed meal a day and shower just twice a year, a law enforcement official with knowledge of the case told NBC News. Daniel Arkin, NBC News, "California torture house: 13 siblings allowed to eat once a day, shower twice a year," 18 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'ration.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of ration

Noun

circa 1711, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1834, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for ration

Noun

French, from Latin ration-, ratio computation, reason

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Statistics for ration

Last Updated

9 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for ration

The first known use of ration was circa 1711

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More Definitions for ration

ration

noun

English Language Learners Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a particular amount of food that is given to one person or animal for one day
: food or supplies
: a particular amount of something (such as gasoline or food) that the government allows you to have when there is not enough of it

ration

verb

English Language Learners Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to control the amount of (something, such as gasoline or food) that people are allowed to have especially when there is not enough of it

ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈra-shən How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrā-shən\

Kids Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a food allowance for one day
2 rations plural : provision entry 1 sense 1
3 : the amount each person is allowed by an authority The government set a gas ration.

ration

verb
rationed; rationing

Kids Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to control the amount an individual can use The government rationed gas.
2 : to use sparingly Ration your water on the hike.

ration

noun
ra·​tion | \ ˈrash-ən How to pronounce ration (audio) , ˈrā-shən How to pronounce ration (audio) \

Medical Definition of ration

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a food allowance for one day
rationed; rationing\ ˈrash-​(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce rationing (audio) , ˈrāsh-​ How to pronounce rationing (audio) \

Medical Definition of ration (Entry 2 of 2)

: to supply with or put on rations

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More from Merriam-Webster on ration

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with ration

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for ration

Spanish Central: Translation of ration

Nglish: Translation of ration for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of ration for Arabic Speakers

Comments on ration

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