radius

noun ra·di·us \ ˈrā-dē-əs \
Updated on: 7 Dec 2017

Definition of radius

plural radii play \ˈrā-dē-ˌī\ also radiuses
1 : a line segment extending from the center of a circle or sphere to the circumference or bounding surface
2 a : the bone on the thumb side of the human forearm; also : a corresponding part of vertebrates above fishes
b : the third and usually largest vein of an insect's wing
3 a : the length of a radius
  • a truck with a short turning radius
b : the circular area defined by a stated radius
c : a bounded or circumscribed area
4 : a radial part
5 : the distance from a center line or point to an axis of rotation

Examples of radius in a Sentence

  1. Measure the radius of the circle.

  2. a radius of 10 inches

  3. The new museum is expected to draw people from a wide radius.

  4. There are three restaurants within a one-block radius of our apartment.

Recent Examples of radius from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'radius.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of radius

Latin, ray, radius

Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms


RADIUS Defined for English Language Learners

radius

noun

Definition of radius for English Language Learners

  • : a straight line from the center of a circle or sphere to any point on the outer edge; also : the length of this line

  • : an area that goes outward in all directions from a particular place

  • medical : the bone in the lower part of your arm on the same side as your thumb


RADIUS Defined for Kids

radius

noun ra·di·us \ ˈrā-dē-əs \

Definition of radius for Students

plural radii \-dē-ˌī\
1 : a straight line extending from the center of a circle to the outside edge or from the center of a sphere to the surface
2 : an area that extends in all directions from a place
  • Most students live within a radius of five miles from the school.
3 : the bone on the thumb side of the arm between the wrist and the elbow

Medical Dictionary

radius

noun ra·di·us \ ˈrād-ē-əs \

medical Definition of radius

plural radii play \-ē-ˌī\ also radiuses
: the bone on the thumb side of the human forearm or on the corresponding part of the forelimb of vertebrates above fishes that in humans is movably articulated with the ulna at both ends so as to permit partial rotation about that bone, that bears on its inner aspect somewhat distal to the head a prominence for the insertion of the biceps tendon, and that has the lower end broadened for articulation with the proximal bones of the carpus so that rotation of the radius involves also that of the hand

Illustration of radius



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