prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to reduce especially by eliminating superfluous matter pruned the text prune the budget
b : to remove as superfluous prune away all ornamentation
2 : to cut off or cut back parts of for better shape or more fruitful growth prune the branches

intransitive verb

: to cut away what is unwanted or superfluous

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Other Words from prune

Verb

pruner noun

Examples of prune in a Sentence

Verb She carefully pruned the hedge. Those trees need to be pruned every year. The students were asked to prune their essays. The budget needs to be pruned.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Add the beef broth, wine, prunes and reserved mushroom broth and stir well. Maura Judkis, Washington Post, "A hearty, smoky stew with kielbasa, bacon and sauerkraut to warm you up in cooler months," 29 Aug. 2019 Beryl Netto from New York thought that eating puréed prunes and exercising every day were the keys to success. Maria Mercedes Lara, PEOPLE.com, "Wild Women, Lots of Booze & Healthy Eating: The Secrets to Living a Long Life, According to People Over 100," 21 Aug. 2019 In early 2018, the U.S. was the leading exporter of prunes into China. Olivia Rockeman, Fortune, "The U.S.-China Trade War Is Forcing Prunes to Rebrand as a Millennial Superfood," 2 Aug. 2019 This year prune out several selected taller branches by following them to a growth point – a main stem – then removing them. oregonlive.com, "Need tips on how to prune back a rhododendron? Ask an Expert," 29 June 2019 That’s because fiber’s benefits are a lot more complicated than our prune-peddling moms and grandmothers appreciated. Julia Belluz, Vox, "Nearly all Americans fail to eat enough of this actual superfood," 15 July 2019 One expert described the smell of high-quality cured vanilla to me as a combination of prunes, leather and Play-Doh. The Economist, "The murky world of Madagascar’s roaring vanilla trade," 5 July 2019 As such, it's found to some extent in a wide variety of foods, like French fries, toasted bread, cereals, cookies, coffee, roasted nuts, prune juice, olives, etc. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "The secretive nonprofit that made millions suing companies over cancer warnings," 6 June 2019 The nurse hands you this prune of a baby and says have a great life. Byron Mccauley, Cincinnati.com, "McCauley: Fatherhood is not easy. How Destiny's Child made me a better dad.," 15 June 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Her caring for plants tips cover watering, weeding, fertilizing, pruning and disease- and pest control. Sally Peterson, oregonlive, "Garden book review: ‘Vertical Vegetables: Simple Projects that Deliver More Yield in Less Space’," 9 Sep. 2019 In local surveys, gardeners that had needed pruning performed suffered little if any damage. Tom Maccubbin, orlandosentinel.com, "Hurricane Dorian reminder to check your trees for removal," 4 Sep. 2019 His black tennis shoes are soaking wet and the bottom of his feet have pruned and turned bright white. Finding Joe Murphy, Freep.com, "Joe Murphy, Red Wings' No. 1 pick, is homeless again — and refusing help," 8 Aug. 2019 Garden with lower maintenance plants that don’t need as much water, pruning, staking and deadheading. oregonlive, "How to create a garden that’s accessible to all," 2 Sep. 2019 With my pruning shears gathering rust in the toolshed, my plants have used their own better judgment. Bonnie Blodgett, Twin Cities, "The Blundering Gardener: Clematis, wisteria — and hops, oh my!," 15 Sep. 2019 Too much pruning at this small size could reduce future flowering and fruit production. Tom Maccubbin, orlandosentinel.com, "Fungus causes leaf drop in crape myrtles," 14 Sep. 2019 Evergreen trees usually don’t require pruning except for shaping. Washington Post, "Knowing when to prune is as vital as knowing how," 20 Aug. 2019 February is when there is only pruning work until the asparagus harvest. Diana Marcum, Los Angeles Times, "Gay shopkeeper stands his ground in a Central Valley town, carving out space for others," 20 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'prune.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of prune

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for prune

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, plum, from Latin prunum — more at plum

Verb

Middle English prouynen, probably ultimately from Old French prooignier, alteration of *porrooignier, from por- completely (from Latin pro-) + rooignier to cut, prune, from Vulgar Latin *rotundiare to cut around, from Latin rotundus round — more at pro-, rotund

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Statistics for prune

Last Updated

26 Sep 2019

Time Traveler for prune

The first known use of prune was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for prune

prune

noun
How to pronounce prune (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum that is often cooked before it is eaten

prune

verb

English Language Learners Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off some of the branches of (a tree or bush) so that it will grow better or look better
: to reduce (something) by removing parts that are not necessary or wanted

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Kids Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Kids Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to cut off dead or unwanted parts of a bush or tree
2 : to cut out useless or unwanted parts (as unnecessary words in something written)

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Medical Definition of prune

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation and often used as a food and as a mild laxative

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More from Merriam-Webster on prune

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for prune

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with prune

Spanish Central: Translation of prune

Nglish: Translation of prune for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of prune for Arabic Speakers

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