prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to reduce especially by eliminating superfluous matter pruned the text prune the budget
b : to remove as superfluous prune away all ornamentation
2 : to cut off or cut back parts of for better shape or more fruitful growth prune the branches

intransitive verb

: to cut away what is unwanted or superfluous

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Other Words from prune

Verb

pruner noun

Synonyms for prune

Synonyms: Verb

bob, clip, crop, cut, cut back, dock, lop (off), nip, pare, poll, shave, shear, snip, trim

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Examples of prune in a Sentence

Verb

She carefully pruned the hedge. Those trees need to be pruned every year. The students were asked to prune their essays. The budget needs to be pruned.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In early 2018, the U.S. was the leading exporter of prunes into China. Olivia Rockeman, Fortune, "The U.S.-China Trade War Is Forcing Prunes to Rebrand as a Millennial Superfood," 2 Aug. 2019 This year prune out several selected taller branches by following them to a growth point – a main stem – then removing them. oregonlive.com, "Need tips on how to prune back a rhododendron? Ask an Expert," 29 June 2019 That’s because fiber’s benefits are a lot more complicated than our prune-peddling moms and grandmothers appreciated. Julia Belluz, Vox, "Nearly all Americans fail to eat enough of this actual superfood," 15 July 2019 One expert described the smell of high-quality cured vanilla to me as a combination of prunes, leather and Play-Doh. The Economist, "The murky world of Madagascar’s roaring vanilla trade," 5 July 2019 As such, it's found to some extent in a wide variety of foods, like French fries, toasted bread, cereals, cookies, coffee, roasted nuts, prune juice, olives, etc. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "The secretive nonprofit that made millions suing companies over cancer warnings," 6 June 2019 The nurse hands you this prune of a baby and says have a great life. Byron Mccauley, Cincinnati.com, "McCauley: Fatherhood is not easy. How Destiny's Child made me a better dad.," 15 June 2019 Continue adding brown sugar and cooking until all the sugar is liquid and caramelized. Pour immediately into the prepared baking dishes, over the prunes, about two tablespoons of caramel in each one. Marley Marius, Vogue, "7 Alternative Thanksgiving Desserts from the Vogue Archive," 16 Nov. 2018 Add the garlic, capers, prunes and olives and mix to combine. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Slow Cooker Chicken Marbella," 15 Nov. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Perhaps pruning out mulberry, Chinaberry and hackberry also reduced the usual available rubbing trunks? Calvin Finch, ExpressNews.com, "How to deal with the garden damage from the dang deer," 9 Aug. 2019 She was put to work in the vineyard and olive orchard: pruning vines, harvesting grapes and olives, tasting fruit for ripeness, and navigating the small cellar. Lizzie Noonan, Bon Appétit, "How Natural Winemaker Martha Stoumen Turns Work Into Highly Drinkable Play," 6 Aug. 2019 Fire blight is difficult to control and can be spread by insects, splashing rain or contaminated pruning tools. Tim Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "How to fight fire blight in crabapple trees," 1 Aug. 2019 By then, the spring flush of growth has ceased, and there is less chance that pruning will stimulate regrowth before the following spring. Washington Post, "Topiary tips: When you want shrubs to double as sculpture," 30 July 2019 Time for some mail questions, starting with one asking about pruning lilacs. Jeff Lowenfels, Anchorage Daily News, "How to make your lilacs bloom like crazy next summer," 20 June 2019 As the branches grow, continue to tie them to their support wires and prune away any extraneous shoots. Joan Morris, The Mercury News, "How to grow fruit trees — even in a tiny Bay Area garden," 19 June 2019 Rake up and discard any fallen leaves around the roses, and prune out any infected canes. Tim Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "Got black spot? Don’t despair, rose lovers. Here are the ways you can control it.," 19 July 2019 Nanking cherry can take any amount of cold and heat, and demands no attention to pests or pruning. Washington Post, "There are many types of sweet or tart cherries you can grow," 2 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'prune.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of prune

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for prune

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, plum, from Latin prunum — more at plum

Verb

Middle English prouynen, probably ultimately from Old French prooignier, alteration of *porrooignier, from por- completely (from Latin pro-) + rooignier to cut, prune, from Vulgar Latin *rotundiare to cut around, from Latin rotundus round — more at pro-, rotund

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Statistics for prune

Last Updated

15 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for prune

The first known use of prune was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for prune

prune

noun

English Language Learners Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum that is often cooked before it is eaten

prune

verb

English Language Learners Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off some of the branches of (a tree or bush) so that it will grow better or look better
: to reduce (something) by removing parts that are not necessary or wanted

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Kids Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Kids Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to cut off dead or unwanted parts of a bush or tree
2 : to cut out useless or unwanted parts (as unnecessary words in something written)

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Medical Definition of prune

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation and often used as a food and as a mild laxative

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More from Merriam-Webster on prune

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with prune

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for prune

Spanish Central: Translation of prune

Nglish: Translation of prune for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of prune for Arabic Speakers

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