prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to reduce especially by eliminating superfluous matter pruned the text prune the budget
b : to remove as superfluous prune away all ornamentation
2 : to cut off or cut back parts of for better shape or more fruitful growth prune the branches

intransitive verb

: to cut away what is unwanted or superfluous

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Other Words from prune

Verb

pruner noun

Examples of prune in a Sentence

Verb She carefully pruned the hedge. Those trees need to be pruned every year. The students were asked to prune their essays. The budget needs to be pruned.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Retreating to the women’s college, she would be greeted by a dinner of plain beef and sprouts, with prunes for dessert, while the male scholars were fortified by sole and partridges and bottomless goblets of wine. Ruth Franklin, Harper's Magazine, "Splinters and Mosaics," 25 May 2020 Diane Unger, our director of recipe development, also finds that prunes work well, giving the sauce body and depth. TheWeek, "Chicken en Cocotte: France's one pot solution," 17 May 2020 Mostly it’s stale white bread and mystery meat, with the occasional helping of raisins or prunes. Keri Blakinger The Marshall Project, ExpressNews.com, "Texas prison food has deteriorated alarmingly during the coronavirus pandemic," 11 May 2020 The best time to do a heavy-duty prune is in the spring. Charlyne Mattox, Country Living, "How to Prune Roses the Right Way," 7 Apr. 2020 The traditional dinner for four includes items like matzo ball soup, braised carrots with prunes, potato kugel, roast brisket and braised lamb shank, plus two desserts. Ramona Saviss, The Hollywood Reporter, "Where to Order Passover Seder Dishes in Los Angeles," 3 Apr. 2020 The meals range from potato bread to apricot and prune marmalade, scalloped cabbage, corn bread, bean and tomato stew, savory rice, poultry with peas, buckwheat chocolate cake, and chocolate fudge frosting. Alex Fox, Smithsonian Magazine, "Cook These Quarantine-Friendly World War I Recipes," 16 Apr. 2020 Rewilders such as Cipollone and Tavone prune trees. Christopher Preston, The Atlantic, "Conservationists No Longer Agree on What ‘Wild’ Means," 9 Apr. 2020 That’s the right of time to get the therapeutic benefits without turning into a prune, say our pros. Erica Metzger, Better Homes & Gardens, "These 5 Bath Soaks Make My Evening Self-Care Ritual Even More Relaxing," 14 Apr. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb If your lilac has branches that appear dead, prune them. Kim Palmer, Star Tribune, "What's wrong with the lilacs? Beloved plants in Minnesota threatened by leaf fungus," 6 Oct. 2020 First, prune back any tall shoots sticking out from the main bush. Dan Gill, NOLA.com, "Shape up your roses now so they'll be ready with healthy, new blooms in the fall," 19 Aug. 2020 Limited pruning may be done at the time of resetting to remove damaged branches and to lighten the weight of the canopy, but do not prune excessively. Dan Gill, NOLA.com, "To keep your garden healthy, repair even small amounts of wind and water damage quickly," 27 Aug. 2020 What is the best time to prune trees (suckers from plum trees; extraneous branches from a Japanese maple in a pot)? The Washington Post, "Adrian Higgins on renovating your lawn and all things gardening," 27 Aug. 2020 For the second winter, prune back the healthiest canes to six to 10 buds and remove all other canes. Earl Nickel, SFChronicle.com, "How to grow a grapevine to add drama to any garden," 7 Aug. 2020 Is August an acceptable month to prune flowering trees? oregonlive, "Nipping blooms off tomato plants could help fruit ripen faster: Ask an expert," 15 Aug. 2020 Style guides are rife with instructions about how to prune to create smaller trees. Nicole Walker, Longreads, "(Who Gets to) Just Up and Move," 10 Aug. 2020 Plant in spring and wait until the first winter to prune vines. Earl Nickel, SFChronicle.com, "How to grow a grapevine to add drama to any garden," 7 Aug. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'prune.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of prune

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for prune

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, plum, from Latin prunum — more at plum

Verb

Middle English prouynen, probably ultimately from Old French prooignier, alteration of *porrooignier, from por- completely (from Latin pro-) + rooignier to cut, prune, from Vulgar Latin *rotundiare to cut around, from Latin rotundus round — more at pro-, rotund

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Time Traveler for prune

Time Traveler

The first known use of prune was in the 14th century

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Statistics for prune

Cite this Entry

“Prune.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prune. Accessed 31 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for prune

prune

noun
How to pronounce prune (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum that is often cooked before it is eaten

prune

verb

English Language Learners Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off some of the branches of (a tree or bush) so that it will grow better or look better
: to reduce (something) by removing parts that are not necessary or wanted

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Kids Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Kids Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to cut off dead or unwanted parts of a bush or tree
2 : to cut out useless or unwanted parts (as unnecessary words in something written)

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Medical Definition of prune

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation and often used as a food and as a mild laxative

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Comments on prune

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