prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to reduce especially by eliminating superfluous matter pruned the text prune the budget
b : to remove as superfluous prune away all ornamentation
2 : to cut off or cut back parts of for better shape or more fruitful growth prune the branches

intransitive verb

: to cut away what is unwanted or superfluous

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Other Words from prune

Verb

pruner noun

Synonyms for prune

Synonyms: Verb

bob, clip, crop, cut, cut back, dock, lop (off), nip, pare, poll, shave, shear, snip, trim

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Examples of prune in a Sentence

Verb

She carefully pruned the hedge. Those trees need to be pruned every year. The students were asked to prune their essays. The budget needs to be pruned.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

One expert described the smell of high-quality cured vanilla to me as a combination of prunes, leather and Play-Doh. The Economist, "The murky world of Madagascar’s roaring vanilla trade," 5 July 2019 As such, it's found to some extent in a wide variety of foods, like French fries, toasted bread, cereals, cookies, coffee, roasted nuts, prune juice, olives, etc. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "The secretive nonprofit that made millions suing companies over cancer warnings," 6 June 2019 The nurse hands you this prune of a baby and says have a great life. Byron Mccauley, Cincinnati.com, "McCauley: Fatherhood is not easy. How Destiny's Child made me a better dad.," 15 June 2019 Continue adding brown sugar and cooking until all the sugar is liquid and caramelized. Pour immediately into the prepared baking dishes, over the prunes, about two tablespoons of caramel in each one. Marley Marius, Vogue, "7 Alternative Thanksgiving Desserts from the Vogue Archive," 16 Nov. 2018 Add the garlic, capers, prunes and olives and mix to combine. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Slow Cooker Chicken Marbella," 15 Nov. 2017 The rest of the colors are deep—black, brown, prune, but very rich—and some moire, which is quite decadent but not rich in the traditional way. Mark Holgate, Vogue, "Alessandra Facchinetti’s Incredibly Lavish Costumes for Verdi’s Don Carlo Are Operatic Couture," 27 Oct. 2018 Add the chicken, nestling it among the olives and prunes. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Slow Cooker Chicken Marbella," 15 Nov. 2017 Butter the inside of the baking dishes and place a half prune in the bottom of each one, cut side up. Marley Marius, Vogue, "7 Alternative Thanksgiving Desserts from the Vogue Archive," 16 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Years ago — this is my belief — gardeners had greater pruning literacy and knew the trimming regime for the successful cultivation of vigorous vines — in other words, how to keep them in a perfect state of balance. Washington Post, "Vines are a romantic addition to the garden — until they go rogue," 9 July 2019 Neighbors and relatives taught him about pruning and preparing the soil and surrounding the roses with wire cages filled with leaves to protect the plants against the harsh north Texas winters. Jeanette Marantos, latimes.com, "The perfect rose: 62 years in the making," 25 June 2019 Maintain the landscaping with regular watering, pruning and weeding. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Don’t let your landscaping become a fire risk," 7 June 2019 The owner keeps it pruned and inoculated against beech-blight aphids (Grylloprociphilus imbricator) that also encourage a fungus, a sooty mold (Scorias spongiosa). C.d. Wright, Harper's magazine, "Life’s a Beech," 10 Jan. 2019 The wall is tended by Mr. Brenner’s team, who prune and replace dead plants. WSJ, "When Your Home Has Its Very Own Jungle," 24 May 2018 After the tree has produced new shoots, pick the three sturdiest and prune off the rest. Joan Morris, The Mercury News, "How to grow fruit trees — even in a tiny Bay Area garden," 19 June 2019 Waiting to prune risks the removal of next spring’s flowers. Jo Ellen Meyers Sharp, Indianapolis Star, "The Hoosier Gardener: Some plants hard to find this spring," 13 June 2019 One of the highest priority bills for Oregon’s public employee unions sailed through the Senate Thursday on a party-line 17-to-11 vote after lawmakers pruned language that would have overridden public records laws in the name of protecting unions. oregonlive.com, "Pro-public employee union bill sails through the Oregon Senate," 7 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'prune.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of prune

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for prune

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, plum, from Latin prunum — more at plum

Verb

Middle English prouynen, probably ultimately from Old French prooignier, alteration of *porrooignier, from por- completely (from Latin pro-) + rooignier to cut, prune, from Vulgar Latin *rotundiare to cut around, from Latin rotundus round — more at pro-, rotund

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Statistics for prune

Last Updated

18 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for prune

The first known use of prune was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for prune

prune

noun

English Language Learners Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum that is often cooked before it is eaten

prune

verb

English Language Learners Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off some of the branches of (a tree or bush) so that it will grow better or look better
: to reduce (something) by removing parts that are not necessary or wanted

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Kids Definition of prune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dried plum

prune

verb
pruned; pruning

Kids Definition of prune (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to cut off dead or unwanted parts of a bush or tree
2 : to cut out useless or unwanted parts (as unnecessary words in something written)

prune

noun
\ ˈprün How to pronounce prune (audio) \

Medical Definition of prune

: a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation and often used as a food and as a mild laxative

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More from Merriam-Webster on prune

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with prune

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for prune

Spanish Central: Translation of prune

Nglish: Translation of prune for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of prune for Arabic Speakers

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