pre·​pon·​der·​ate | \ pri-ˈpän-də-ˌrāt How to pronounce preponderate (audio) \
preponderated; preponderating

Definition of preponderate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to exceed in weight
2 : to exceed in influence, power, or importance
3 : to exceed in numbers

transitive verb

1 archaic : outweigh
2 archaic : to weigh down


pre·​pon·​der·​ate | \ pri-ˈpän-də-rət How to pronounce preponderate (audio) \

Definition of preponderate (Entry 2 of 2)

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Other Words from preponderate


preponderation \ pri-​ˌpän-​də-​ˈrā-​shən How to pronounce preponderate (audio) , ˌprē-​ How to pronounce preponderate (audio) \ noun


preponderately adverb

Examples of preponderate in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Representation has preponderated in the medium to such an extent that its hold has seemed complete. Mark Feeney,, "With György Kepes, photographs as experiments," 28 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'preponderate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of preponderate


circa 1611, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1


1818, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for preponderate


Latin praeponderatus, past participle of praeponderare, from prae- + ponder-, pondus weight — more at pendant

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Time Traveler for preponderate

Time Traveler

The first known use of preponderate was circa 1611

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Cite this Entry

“Preponderate.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for preponderate


intransitive verb
pre·​pon·​der·​ate | \ pri-ˈpän-də-ˌrāt How to pronounce preponderate (audio) \
preponderated; preponderating

Legal Definition of preponderate

: to have greater credibility or convincing weight : have an outweighing effect the evidence either was evenly balanced or preponderated in favor of the stateWeston v. State, 682 P.2d 1119 (1984) such evidence preponderates against the board's decision

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