preliminary

noun
pre·​lim·​i·​nary | \ pri-ˈli-mə-ˌner-ē How to pronounce preliminary (audio) \
plural preliminaries

Definition of preliminary

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that precedes or is introductory or preparatory: such as
a : a preliminary scholastic examination
b preliminaries plural, British : front matter
c : a preliminary heat or trial (as of a race)
d : a minor match preceding the main event (as of a boxing card)

preliminary

adjective

Definition of preliminary (Entry 2 of 2)

: coming before and usually forming a necessary prelude to something else preliminary studies preliminary results

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Other Words from preliminary

Adjective

preliminarily \ pri-​ˌli-​mə-​ˈner-​ə-​lē How to pronounce preliminary (audio) \ adverb

Examples of preliminary in a Sentence

Noun a meeting to discuss seating arrangements that was merely a preliminary to the formal negotiating sessions Adjective Preliminary findings show that the drug could help patients with skin cancer. The team was eliminated in the preliminary round of the tournament. research that is preliminary to the study
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The quartet of Dakota Houston, Sarah Brown, Amelie Cotta and Lauren Luxenburg rallied from finishing second in the preliminary on Friday to win with a time of 49.09. Tim Bielik, cleveland, 5 June 2021 The Pentagon designation of Xiaomi now notes that, in March, a federal court preliminary paused the enforcement of the label against the company. Jerry Dunleavy, Washington Examiner, 30 Apr. 2021 King’s supporters had hoped the Black turnout that had propelled him in the preliminary would give King the edge that November. BostonGlobe.com, 5 Apr. 2021 As with the previous two events, no fans will be at the arena, but the fights will be available on ESPN, with the preliminaries starting at 5 p.m. CDT Saturday followed by the main card at 8. Mark Inabinett | Minabinett@al.com, al, 16 May 2020 The preliminaries begin at 6 p.m. Eastern time and the main card at 9 p.m. Saturday on ESPN. Victor Mather, New York Times, 15 May 2020 Felicia made the podium at state, while Tayla fouled out in the state preliminaries. Andrew Turner, latimes.com, 28 Apr. 2018 Two Walpole hurdlers made appearances at the state meet last season: Sheehan (14th in the preliminaries) and junior Dallin Byerly (11th). Matt Maccormack, BostonGlobe.com, 11 Jan. 2020 Hixon was 17th in preliminaries of individual 3-meter. David Woods, Indianapolis Star, 13 July 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective In seeking the preliminary injunction, attorneys for the online-industry groups said the law is politically motivated, in addition to violating First Amendment rights. Jim Saunders, orlandosentinel.com, 22 June 2021 In seeking the preliminary injunction, attorneys for the online-industry groups said the law is politically motivated, in addition to violating First Amendment rights. Jim Saunders, sun-sentinel.com, 22 June 2021 The judge in the case declined to issue a preliminary injunction halting the vaccine mandate. Joe Carlson, Star Tribune, 20 June 2021 The protest comes after animal advocacy nonprofit Friends of Animals filed a preliminary injunction against the BLM on June 14 to prohibit the roundup. Jordan Miller, The Salt Lake Tribune, 19 June 2021 Workhorse is asking the court for a preliminary injunction to halt the procurement process for Oshkosh's mail trucks until the decision is reviewed. Sebastian Blanco, Car and Driver, 19 June 2021 Federal Judge Steven Merryday issued a preliminary injunction against the CDC in Florida starting July 18, turning the CDC’s strict testing and vaccination requirements for cruise lines into voluntary recommendations next month. Joe Walsh, Forbes, 18 June 2021 The preliminary injunction prevents the NWSL from enforcing an age rule that would prohibit her from signing a contract. Lorenzo Reyes, USA TODAY, 18 June 2021 In 2019 Save 30th Street filed a lawsuit against the city requesting a preliminary injunction to stop the work, but last year a San Diego judge denied it. San Diego Union-Tribune, 18 June 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'preliminary.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of preliminary

Noun

1656, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

1657, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for preliminary

Noun

French préliminaires, plural, from Medieval Latin praeliminaris, adjective, preliminary, from Latin prae- pre- + limin-, limen threshold

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Time Traveler for preliminary

Time Traveler

The first known use of preliminary was in 1656

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Dictionary Entries Near preliminary

prelicense

prelife

prelim

preliminary

prelimit

prelinguistic

pre-linnaean

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Statistics for preliminary

Last Updated

11 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Preliminary.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/preliminary. Accessed 24 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for preliminary

preliminary

noun

English Language Learners Definition of preliminary

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that comes first in order to prepare for or introduce the main part of something else
: a game that is played before the main part of a competition to decide which players or teams will be allowed to continue playing

preliminary

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of preliminary (Entry 2 of 2)

: coming before the main part of something

preliminary

noun
pre·​lim·​i·​nary | \ pri-ˈli-mə-ˌner-ē How to pronounce preliminary (audio) \
plural preliminaries

Kids Definition of preliminary

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that comes before the main or final part The athletes competed in the preliminaries.

preliminary

adjective

Kids Definition of preliminary (Entry 2 of 2)

: coming before the main or full part I won the preliminary round. The preliminary results are promising.

preliminary

adjective
pre·​lim·​i·​nary | \ pri-ˈli-mə-ˌner-ē \

Legal Definition of preliminary

: coming before and usually serving as a temporary or intermediate step to something preliminary negotiations a preliminary payment plan

Other Words from preliminary

preliminarily adverb
preliminary noun

More from Merriam-Webster on preliminary

Nglish: Translation of preliminary for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of preliminary for Arabic Speakers

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