polymyositis

noun poly·myo·si·tis \ ˌpä-lē-ˌmī-ə-ˈsī-təs \

Definition of polymyositis

: inflammation of several muscles at once; specifically : an inflammatory muscle disease of unknown cause that affects muscles and chiefly skeletal muscles and is characterized especially by weakness of the muscles (such as those of the shoulder, neck, or hip) closest to the trunk — see dermatomyositis

First Known Use of polymyositis

1877


Medical Dictionary

polymyositis

noun poly·myo·si·tis \ -ˌmī-ə-ˈsīt-əs \

medical Definition of polymyositis

: inflammation of several muscles at once; specifically : an inflammatory disease of unknown cause that affects muscles and especially skeletal muscles, is characterized typically by weakness usually of the proximal muscles (such as those of the shoulder or pelvic girdles or of the neck), muscle and joint pain, pathological muscle changes (such as fiber degeneration or infiltration by lymphocytes), pneumonia, and cardiac abnormalities (such as arrhythmia or myocarditis)
  • Dermatomyositis affects both children and adults, and females more often than males, whereas polymyositis is seen after the second decade of life and very rarely in childhood.
  • —Marinos C. DalakasThe New England Journal of Medicine21 Nov. 1991
— see dermatomyositis

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