peperoncino

noun
pe·​pe·​ron·​ci·​no | \ˌpe-pə-rōn-ˈchē-(ˌ)nō \
variants: or peperoncini or pepperoncini
plural peperoncini also peperoncinis or pepperoncinis

Definition of peperoncino 

1a : any of several thin-walled, medium-sized hot peppers used esp. in Italian cooking add one peperoncino to the pasta imported peperoncini

Note: In Italian, the singular is peperoncino and the plural is peperoncini. In English, peperoncini is also used as a singular and is sometimes pluralized as peperoncinis. The variant singular pepperoncini and plural pepperoncinis are also seen in English.

b peperoncino : the dried, crushed flakes of any of several red hot peppers used esp. in Italian cooking a pinch of peperoncino

2 peperoncini or pepperoncini : a condiment or garnish made of pickled usu. green hot peppers used esp. in Italian cooking a jar of pepperoncini also : one of these pickled peppers a pizza garnished with pepperoncinis

First Known Use of peperoncino

1931, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for peperoncino

borrowed from Italian, from peperone "chili pepper" + -cino, variant, with nouns ending in -one, of -ino, diminutive suffix, going back to Latin -īnus -ine entry 1 — more at pepperoni

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The first known use of peperoncino was in 1931

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