peas·​ant·​ry | \ ˈpe-zᵊn-trē How to pronounce peasantry (audio) \

Definition of peasantry

1 : peasants
2 : the position, rank, or behavior of a peasant

Examples of peasantry in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Jan’s efforts are often helped by the local peasantry, whose rebelliousness has been stoked by years of excess taxation and other abuses. Dennis Harvey, Variety, 5 Sep. 2022 Stalin’s purges took millions of lives among the peasantry in the 1930s. David E. Hoffman, Washington Post, 30 Aug. 2022 Turgenev saw in them a crude but powerful materialism that counterposed the needs of the peasantry against the vague consolations of art. Keith Gessen, The New Yorker, 29 Aug. 2022 But those childhood sicknesses would have had the benefit of triggering some future immunity in the peasantry. Marylynn Salmon, The Conversation, 13 July 2022 We meta-originalists hope that politicians, legal scholars, and the peasantry take these words to heart. Dennard Dayle, The New Yorker, 22 July 2022 Despite huge increases in economic growth since the late 1950s, little had been done to improve the plight of the vast Mexican peasantry. Alexander F. Remington, Washington Post, 9 July 2022 Dovzhenko, one of the primary figures of the Soviet avant-garde alongside Sergei Eisenstein, Vsevolod Pudovkin, and Dziga Vertov, tells a story about the collectivization of the Ukrainian peasantry. Joshua First, The Atlantic, 3 Mar. 2022 The philosophical difference between Maoism and Marxism–Leninism is that the peasantry are the revolutionary vanguard in pre-industrial societies rather than the proletariat. Matt B. Weir, Harper’s Magazine , 18 Jan. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'peasantry.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of peasantry

circa 1553, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Learn More About peasantry

Time Traveler for peasantry

Time Traveler

The first known use of peasantry was circa 1553

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near peasantry

peasant proprietor



See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for peasantry

Last Updated

13 Sep 2022

Cite this Entry

“Peasantry.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Oct. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon


Test Your Vocabulary

Commonly Confused Words Quiz

  • vector image of a face with thought expression
  • I went to the ______ store to buy a birthday card.
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!