pathology

noun
pa·​thol·​o·​gy | \ pə-ˈthä-lə-jē How to pronounce pathology (audio) \
plural pathologies

Definition of pathology

1 : the study of the essential nature of diseases and especially of the structural and functional changes produced by them studied plant pathology
2 : something abnormal:
a : the structural and functional deviations from the normal that constitute disease or characterize a particular disease the pathology of pneumonia
b : deviation from propriety or from an assumed normal state of something nonliving or nonmaterial the pathology of wine
c : deviation giving rise to social ills connections between these pathologies … and crime— Wendy Kaminer social pathology

Examples of pathology in a Sentence

the pathology of lung diseases
Recent Examples on the Web Andrew prioritized doing so in a way that did not further pathology members of the community. Maia Niguel Hoskin, Forbes, "Okayplayer Celebrates Black Joy And Promotes Mental Wellness With The Launch Of ‘PASSAGE: The Practice Of Healing’," 1 Mar. 2021 When mental pathology is accompanied by criminal-mindedness, however, the combination can make individuals far more dangerous than either alone. Tanya Lewis, Scientific American, "The ‘Shared Psychosis’ of Donald Trump and His Loyalists," 11 Jan. 2021 Nowadays trials often require participants to show evidence of disease pathology through PET scans or CSF measures. Esther Landhuis, Scientific American, "Detecting Alzheimer’s Gets Easier with a Simple Blood Test," 4 Feb. 2021 The challenge resides in identifying the right pathology. C. Brandon Ogbunu, Wired, "White Nationalism Is Far Worse Than a 'Disease'," 26 Jan. 2021 Italy had planned to vaccinate only 45% of its population in the first half of the year: medical workers, nursing-home residents and workers, as well as people aged over 60 and those with at least one chronic pathology. Noemie Bisserbe, WSJ, "Covid-19 Vaccine Setbacks Damp Europe’s Prospects for Normal Summer," 25 Jan. 2021 This clearly wasn’t the typical pathology of smell loss following a virus. New York Times, "What Can Covid-19 Teach Us About the Mysteries of Smell?," 28 Jan. 2021 Destructiveness is a core characteristic of mental pathology, whether directed toward the self or others. Tanya Lewis, Scientific American, "The ‘Shared Psychosis’ of Donald Trump and His Loyalists," 11 Jan. 2021 David Pride is an infectious disease specialist and associate professor of pathology at the University of California, San Diego. David Pride, Scientific American, "Viruses Can Help Us as Well as Harm Us," 7 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pathology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of pathology

1611, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for pathology

borrowed from Middle French & New Latin; Middle French pathologie, borrowed from New Latin pathologia "study of the emotions, study of diseases," from patho- patho- + -logia -logy

Note: Probably formed on the basis of New Latin pathologicus (see pathological). In the sense "study of the emotions," perhaps directly from Greek pathología "study of the passions," attested in Greek-Latin glossaries.

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Time Traveler for pathology Time Traveler

The first known use of pathology was in 1611

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Statistics for pathology

Last Updated

3 Mar 2021

Cite this Entry

“Pathology.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pathology. Accessed 8 Mar. 2021.

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More Definitions for pathology

pathology

noun

English Language Learners Definition of pathology

technical
: the study of diseases and of the changes that they cause
: changes in a person, an animal, or a plant that are caused by disease

pathology

noun
pa·​thol·​o·​gy | \ -jē How to pronounce pathology (audio) \
plural pathologies

Medical Definition of pathology

1 : the study of the essential nature of diseases and especially of the structural and functional changes produced by them
2 : the anatomic and physiological deviations from the normal that constitute disease or characterize a particular disease
3 : a treatise on or compilation of abnormalities a new pathology of the eye

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More from Merriam-Webster on pathology

Nglish: Translation of pathology for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of pathology for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about pathology

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