os·​te·​o·​my·​e·​li·​tis ˌä-stē-ō-ˌmī-ə-ˈlī-təs How to pronounce osteomyelitis (audio)
: an infectious usually painful inflammatory disease of bone often of bacterial origin that may result in the death of bone tissue

Examples of osteomyelitis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The 46-year-old interior designer was diagnosed with osteomyelitis in early June, a potentially rare and life-threatening bone infection that was attacking her lower vertebrae, leaving her hospitalized for a month. Vanessa Etienne, Peoplemag, 26 Oct. 2023 The Netflix star, 46, is suffering from osteomyelitis, a painful infection that spread from her bloodstream to her spine. Cara Lynn Shultz, Peoplemag, 19 June 2023 Instead, she was admitted for testing that resulted in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis, which is inflammation or swelling in the bones, in her spine. Kelly Allen, House Beautiful, 13 June 2023 Infections Pate said that several infections and illnesses can also cause night sweats, including HIV, fungal infections, osteomyelitis (a bone infection), endocarditis (an infection of the heart’s inner lining), and tuberculosis (a bacterial disease of the lungs). Alyssa Hui, Verywell Health, 18 Apr. 2023 Relying on X-ray alone without MRI can lead to devastating outcomes for patients, as would be the case in many cases of osteomyelitis. Omer Awan, Forbes, 10 Nov. 2022 Ancient Disease The researchers looked for answers and proposed that, perhaps, the brothers had suffered the lesions from a years-long infection such as osteomyelitis, syphilis, tuberculosis or leprosy. Matt Hrodey, Discover Magazine, 23 Feb. 2023 Ben arrived at UCSF Medical Center with osteomyelitis and discitis, severe bacterial infections in his lower back. Heather Knight, San Francisco Chronicle, 9 Dec. 2022 An x-ray can lag behind MRI in showing bone infection, or osteomyelitis, by as many as 21 days, while MRI will show signs of infection much earlier since MRI shows details of the bone architecture that cannot be seen on X-ray. Omer Awan, Forbes, 10 Nov. 2022 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'osteomyelitis.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


New Latin

First Known Use

1854, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of osteomyelitis was in 1854

Dictionary Entries Near osteomyelitis

Cite this Entry

“Osteomyelitis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/osteomyelitis. Accessed 2 Dec. 2023.

Medical Definition


os·​teo·​my·​eli·​tis -ˌmī-ə-ˈlīt-əs How to pronounce osteomyelitis (audio)
plural osteomyelitides -ə-ˈlit-ə-ˌdēz How to pronounce osteomyelitis (audio)
: an infectious usually painful inflammatory disease of bone that is often of bacterial origin and may result in death of bone tissue

More from Merriam-Webster on osteomyelitis

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!