ophi·​u·​roid | \ ˌō-fē-ˈyu̇r-ˌȯid How to pronounce ophiuroid (audio) , ˌä- \

Definition of ophiuroid

Other Words from ophiuroid

ophiuroid adjective

First Known Use of ophiuroid

circa 1879, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for ophiuroid

probably by shortening (with conformation to -oid entry 1) of New Latin Ophiuroidea, class name, from Ophiura, a brittle star genus (from Greek óphis "snake" + -oura, feminine of -uros "having a tail [of the kind specified]," adjective derivative of ourá "tail") + -oidea, suffix of higher taxa (from -oides -oid entry 2 + -ea, neuter plural of -eus -eous) — more at ophidian, ass entry 2

Note: The genus name Ophiura was introduced by Jean-Baptiste lamarck in Système des animaux sans vertèbres (Paris, 1801), p. 350, as a renaming (Ophiura lacertosa) of Linnaeus's Asterias ophiura (Systema naturae, 10th edition, 1758, p. 662). Linnaeus, in turn, based the epithet on a description of a brittle star in the posthumously published Plantae per Galliam, Hispaniam et Italiam observatae (Paris, 1714) by the Dominican friar and naturalist Jacques Barrelier (1606-73), with the heading "Stella marina, οφιόκνημος seu οφιούρος" ("sea star, ophióknēmos [snake-legged] or ophioúros [snake-tailed]").

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The first known use of ophiuroid was circa 1879

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Cite this Entry

“Ophiuroid.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ophiuroid. Accessed 18 Sep. 2020.

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