ni·​tro·​aniline | \ "+ \
variants: or less commonly nitraniline \ (ˈ)nī‧¦tranᵊlə̇n sometimes -​ˌīn or -​ˌēn \

Definition of nitroaniline

: a nitro derivative of aniline: such as
a : the bright yellow crystalline para mono derivative H2NC6H4NO2 made usually from para -nitro-chlorobenzene by reaction with ammonia or from acetanilide by nitration and hydrolysis and used chiefly as an intermediate for azo and azoic dyes
b : the orange-yellow crystalline ortho isomer made similarly to the para derivative
c : the yellow crystalline meta isomer made usually from meta -dinitrobenzene by partial reduction and used chiefly as a dye intermediate

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History and Etymology for nitroaniline

International Scientific Vocabulary nitr- + aniline

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Cite this Entry

“Nitroaniline.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 22 Sep. 2020.

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