nerve cell

noun

1
: a grayish or reddish granular cell with specialized processes that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue transmitting and receiving nerve impulses : neuron
2

Examples of nerve cell in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The National Institutes of Health report that Huntington’s disease is a fatal, inherited, neurodegenerative disorder that causes nerve cells to die in parts of the brain that control movement. Lauren J. Mapp, San Diego Union-Tribune, 13 Sep. 2023 According to ancient Chinese medicine, acupressure helps intercede pain messages that your nerve cells send to your brain. Maxine Lipner, Health, 28 Aug. 2023 The disease causes protein deposits, called Lewy bodies, to develop in nerve cells in the parts of the brain tasked with thought, memory and movement. Isabella Volmert, Dallas News, 19 July 2023 It’s called the hypothalamus, a little almond-sized knob buried deep inside the brain that monitors body temperature through a network of special temperature-sensing nerve cells. Matt Hrodey, Discover Magazine, 7 Sep. 2023 Acetylcholine is a nerve cell communication chemical for cognitive functioning. Mark Gurarie, Health, 19 Aug. 2023 Zolgensma offsets the degeneration of nerve cells in children with spinal muscular atrophy. WIRED, 4 Sep. 2023 Dementia with Lewy bodies, abnormal deposits of protein inside nerve cells. Byerin Prater, Fortune Well, 24 Aug. 2023 In the case of Dravet, that means that electrical signaling between nerve cells gets thrown out of whack, leading to the kinds of neuronal shock waves that trigger seizures. Elie Dolgin, Discover Magazine, 26 Apr. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'nerve cell.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1840, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of nerve cell was in 1840

Dictionary Entries Near nerve cell

Cite this Entry

“Nerve cell.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/nerve%20cell. Accessed 28 Sep. 2023.

Kids Definition

nerve cell

noun
: neuron
also : cell body

Medical Definition

nerve cell

noun
1
: a grayish or reddish granular cell with specialized processes that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue : neuron
2

More from Merriam-Webster on nerve cell

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