nerve cell


Definition of nerve cell

1 : a grayish or reddish granular cell with specialized processes that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue transmitting and receiving nerve impulses : neuron
2 : cell body

Examples of nerve cell in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

This impairment causes brain nerve cells to slowly lose function, eventually leading to some of the hallmark symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Dana Dovey, Newsweek, "Diabetes Drug Reverses Alzheimer’s Symptoms in Mice; Reduces Brain Plaque Buildup and Improves Memory," 1 Jan. 2018 Examples include sickle cell disease, which affects many African Americans, and Huntington’s disease, which deteriorates nerve cells in the brain. Brian Resnick, Vox, "Genetics has learned a ton — mostly about white people. That’s a problem.," 27 Oct. 2018 Anything that disrupts the nerve cells (neurons) in your brain can cause seizures, Dr. Kaufman says. Korin Miller, SELF, "‘The Good Place’ Star Jameela Jamil Says She Developed Seizures After Trying to Eat a Cookie Off the Floor," 2 Oct. 2018 Frontotemporal dementia: This group of diseases is marked by the breakdown of nerve cells in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, which are usually linked with personality, behavior, and language. Korin Miller, SELF, "What’s the Difference Between Normal Age-Related Memory Decline and Signs of Dementia?," 26 Oct. 2018 Helping that signal travel so fast is insulating material called myelin that covers the nerve cells in the spinal cord. Erik Lacitis, The Seattle Times, "Mysterious paralyzing illness leaves Washington families reeling," 19 Oct. 2018 Researchers have shown that this trio boosts the number of potential nerve cells in brain tissue, and one team even pinned down the protein interactions likely responsible. Elizabeth Pennisi, Science | AAAS, "Trio of genes supercharged human brain evolution," 31 May 2018 Anticholinergic drugs function by blocking the effects of acetylcholine, a chemical released by nerve cells to send signals to other nerves and muscles. Mark Lieber, CNN, "Certain common medications tied to 30% higher dementia risk, study finds," 25 Apr. 2018 The light-sensing protein could lead to applications in everything from data storage to optogenetics, which allows scientists to manipulate genetically modified nerve cells with light. Shandria Sutton, Science | AAAS, "New ‘light-eating’ protein discovered in the Sea of Galilee," 5 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'nerve cell.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of nerve cell

1840, in the meaning defined above

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Dictionary Entries near nerve cell



nerve agent

nerve cell

nerve center

nerve cord


Statistics for nerve cell

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Time Traveler for nerve cell

The first known use of nerve cell was in 1840

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More Definitions for nerve cell

nerve cell


Kids Definition of nerve cell

: a cell of the nervous system with fibers that carry nerve impulses

nerve cell


Medical Definition of nerve cell

1 : a grayish or reddish granular cell with specialized processes that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue : neuron
2 : cell body

More from Merriam-Webster on nerve cell

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with nerve cell Encyclopedia article about nerve cell

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a secret plot to overthrow a government

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