nephron

noun
neph·ron | \ ˈne-ˌfrän \

Definition of nephron 

: one of the functional units of the kidney that filters the blood, selectively reabsorbs substances (such as glucose, ions, and amino acids), and excretes nitrogenous waste (such as urea) and excess water and salts in the form of urine

Note: A nephron is made up of a glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, collecting tubule, and collecting duct.

Each kidney contains 1.5 million filters for blood, called nephrons, which carry away waste products. —Michelle Morgan Bolton

First Known Use of nephron

1922, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for nephron

German, from Greek nephros

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The first known use of nephron was in 1922

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nephron

noun
neph·ron | \ ˈnef-ˌrän \

Medical Definition of nephron 

: a single excretory unit especially of the vertebrate kidney typically consisting of a renal corpuscle, renal tubule, collecting tubule, and vascular and supporting tissues and discharging urine into the collecting ducts

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