multiplication

noun

mul·​ti·​pli·​ca·​tion
1
: the act or process of multiplying : the state of being multiplied
2
a
: a mathematical operation that at its simplest is an abbreviated process of adding an integer to zero a specified number of times and that is extended to other numbers in accordance with laws that are valid for integers
b
: any of various mathematical operations that are analogous in some way to multiplication of the real numbers but are defined for other or larger sets of elements (such as complex numbers, vectors, matrices, or functions)

Examples of multiplication in a Sentence

Students are learning multiplication and division. a disease causing uncontrolled multiplication of cells an uncontrolled multiplication of cells
Recent Examples on the Web However, science has revealed that cancer is not just one disease, but rather, a group of hundreds of diseases and their subtypes, characterized by the uncontrolled multiplication of abnormal cells. Molly Peck, USA TODAY, 10 Aug. 2024 Consider instead visualizing this multiplication problem as cookies on plates. Shalinee Sharma, TIME, 7 Aug. 2024 Politics must be about addition and multiplication, not subtraction and division. Dusty Johnson, Washington Post, 28 July 2024 Third grade: Kids can often do multiplication and division. Amanda Morin, Parents, 8 July 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'multiplication.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English multiplicacioun, from Anglo-French multiplicacion, from Latin multiplication-, multiplicatio, from multiplicare to multiply

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of multiplication was in the 14th century

multiplication

Cite this Entry

“Multiplication.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/multiplication. Accessed 15 Aug. 2024.

Kids Definition

multiplication

noun
mul·​ti·​pli·​ca·​tion
1
: the act or process of multiplying
2
: a mathematical operation that takes two numbers and gives an answer equal to the sum of a column containing one of the numbers repeated the number of times of the other number
the multiplication of 8 and 3 is the same as the sum of 8+8+8

More from Merriam-Webster on multiplication

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