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The monotheism of the ancient Hebrews had to combat the polytheism (worship of many gods) of the surrounding peoples from the earliest times. As the Bible relates, several times in their history the Hebrews turned away from their monotheistic beliefs and accepted foreign gods, such as those imported by King Solomon. Each time their own God would punish them for their disloyalty, and the people of Israel would return to monotheism. Today Judaism shares its monotheism with two much larger religions, Christianity and Islam.
First Known Use of monotheism
MONOTHEISM Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of monotheism for English Language Learners
: the belief that there is only one God
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