merg·​er | \ ˈmər-jər How to pronounce merger (audio) \

Definition of merger

1 law : the absorption of an estate, a contract, or an interest in another, of a minor offense in a greater, or of a cause of action into a judgment
2a : the act or process of merging
b : absorption by a corporation of one or more others also : any of various methods of combining two or more organizations (such as business concerns)

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Examples of merger in a Sentence

The law firm announced its $50 million merger with one of its competitors. If the proposed merger of the two oil companies goes through, it would be bad for the economy.
Recent Examples on the Web And last November, Becerra himself blocked the merger of St. Joseph Health and Adventist Health, which would have brought together nine Northern California hospitals. Michael Hiltzik, Los Angeles Times, "Column: At a top hospital, Catholic restrictions on women’s healthcare are growing worse," 2 Nov. 2020 The strategy, announced Tuesday at the company’s investor day, is reminiscent of the deep cost-cutting that took place after the 2015 merger of Kraft Foods and H.J. Heinz, which led to the layoffs of thousands of employees. Alexia Elejalde-ruiz,, "Kraft Heinz will cut $2 billion in costs and will reinvest in its brands," 15 Sep. 2020 Among the events commemorated: the NFL draft, the AFL/NFL merger, the reintegration of pro football, Super Bowl III and more. Susan Glaser, cleveland, "Canton, birthplace of the NFL, ready to celebrate the league’s centennial, even if coronavirus puts a damper on the party," 12 Sep. 2020 That type of legal claim -- now typically citing the effects of the pandemic -- is central to many of this year’s busted-merger cases. Michael Hytha,, "LVMH-Tiffany Busted Deal Is Year’s Biggest to End Up in Court," 10 Sep. 2020 Mishek became president and CEO of the Hazelden Foundation, based in Center City, Minn., in 2008 and led the 2015 merger of Hazelden and Rancho Mirage, Calif.-based Betty Ford Center. Star Tribune, "Hazelden Betty Ford CEO to retire in 2021," 9 Sep. 2020 In a companion paper published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, the LIGO-Virgo team runs through several scenarios for how the merger—and the odd black holes involved—could have formed. National Geographic, "Astronomers spot the biggest, strangest black hole collision ever found," 2 Sep. 2020 The merger, which adds 19 employees and a sixth office in Massachusetts, builds on blumshapiro’s services in the same areas. Kenneth R. Gosselin,, "West Hartford regional accounting firm blumshapiro expands in merger," 20 Aug. 2020 Redstone's daughter, Shari Redstone, 66, serves as chair of ViacomCBS' board of directors after last year's merger between Viacom and CBS, which had previously merged in 1999 but broke apart in 2005. CBS News, "Sumner Redstone, media legend, has died at 97," 12 Aug. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'merger.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of merger

1728, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for merger

merge + -er (as in waiver)

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Time Traveler for merger

Time Traveler

The first known use of merger was in 1728

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Statistics for merger

Last Updated

22 Nov 2020

Cite this Entry

“Merger.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 25 Nov. 2020.

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More Definitions for merger


How to pronounce merger (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of merger

: the act or process of combining two or more businesses into one business


merg·​er | \ ˈmər-jər How to pronounce merger (audio) \

Kids Definition of merger

: the combination of two or more businesses into one


merg·​er | \ ˈmər-jər How to pronounce merger (audio) \

Legal Definition of merger

1 : the absorption of a lesser estate or interest into a greater one held by the same person — compare confusion
2 : the incorporation and superseding of one contract by another
3a : the treatment (as by statute) of two offenses deriving from the same conduct such that a defendant cannot be or is not punished for both especially when one offense is incidental to or necessarily included in the other a merger of offenses in a statute a merger of convictions
b : the doctrine according to which such offenses must be merged — compare double jeopardy

Note: Merger commonly involves the interpretation of statutes and legislative intent in deciding whether two or more offenses deriving from the same conduct remain distinct.

4 : a doctrine in civil litigation: a judgment in favor of a plaintiff incorporates and supersedes the cause of action and any claims based on it and requires that further litigation in the case by the defendant be concerned with the judgment itself — compare bar sense 3b, estoppel by judgment at estoppel sense 2a, res judicata
5 : the superseding of a prior agreement in a divorce case by the divorce decree
6a : the act or process of merging
b : absorption by one corporation of another also : any of various methods of combining two or more organizations (as business concerns) — compare consolidate
cash merger
: a merger in which shareholders in the company to be absorbed receive cash for their shares rather than shares in the absorbing company a tender offer to be followed by a cash merger — see also cash out
de facto merger
: a merger that is characterized by the issuance of stock to the corporation to be absorbed rather than an outright purchase of assets for cash, by continued participation of the shareholders, directors, and employees of the absorbed corporation, and by an assumption of liabilities by the absorbing corporation

Note: Shareholders in a de facto merger are considered to have the same right to an appraisal of the fair value of their shares as shareholders in a statutory merger.

short-form merger
: an accelerated statutory merger between a subsidiary and a parent corporation that controls a large specified majority of shares in the subsidiary
statutory merger
: a merger performed in accordance with relevant statutes that require specific procedures for the notification and approval of shareholders

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