meningitis

noun
men·​in·​gi·​tis | \ ˌme-nən-ˈjī-təs How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \
plural meningitides\ ˌme-​nən-​ˈji-​tə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce meningitides (audio) \

Definition of meningitis

: inflammation of the meninges and especially of the pia mater and arachnoid specifically : a disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus (such as various Coxsackieviruses) or a more severe usually life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium (especially the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitides, or the serotype designated B of Haemophilus influenzae)

Note: Meningitis is often marked by fever, headache, vomiting, malaise, and stiff neck, and if left untreated in bacterial forms, may progress to confusion, stupor, convulsions, coma, and death.

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Other Words from meningitis

meningitic \ ˌme-​nən-​ˈji-​tik How to pronounce meningitic (audio) \ adjective

Examples of meningitis in a Sentence

She was diagnosed with spinal meningitis.

Recent Examples on the Web

The parasite could cause eosinophilic meningitis and severe gastrointestinal or central nervous system disease in humans, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fox News, "Texas woman discovers horde of black worms known to carry dangerous parasite in backyard," 4 July 2019 In more severe cases, people develop brain inflammation and meningitis. Ryan Prior, CNN, "New Jersey reports its earliest-ever case of West Nile virus," 3 July 2019 Two required vaccinations, for tetanus and meningitis, are administered at the same time as HPV, around age 12. NBC News, "HPV vaccine benefits 'exceed expectations,' may lead to elimination of cervical cancer," 27 June 2019 Among the likely topics is the company’s vaccines in development, including a potential competitor to Pfizer Inc.’s big-selling Prevnar vaccine, which protects against infections such as pneumonia and meningitis. Jared S. Hopkins, WSJ, "Merck Seeks More Deals as It Expands Its Cancer Treatments Portfolio," 19 June 2019 Patients developed hepatitis B, meningitis, and urinary tract, e. coli and staph infections, the court document claims. Jessica Seaman, The Denver Post, "At least one death, “hundreds of severe infections” linked to Porter hospital’s use of contaminated surgical instruments, lawsuit alleges," 16 June 2019 Authorities determined the infant girl died from acute meningitis and didn't consider her death suspicious. Chris Carola, Fox News, "Woman who killed daughter in '80s granted parole on 7th try," 16 July 2018 The infection caused eosinophilic meningoencephalitis, a rare kind of meningitis. Eleanor Hildebrandt, Popular Mechanics, "How Parasites Can Lie Dormant for Years Before Killing You," 6 Nov. 2018 Those 12 men then took a cocktail of different antibiotics used for a range of conditions from drug-resistant bacterial meningitis to chlamydia. Cathleen O'grady, Ars Technica, "Gut bacteria recover from antibiotics, but they may take six months," 28 Oct. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'meningitis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of meningitis

1824, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for meningitis

New Latin

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Statistics for meningitis

Last Updated

8 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for meningitis

The first known use of meningitis was in 1824

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More Definitions for meningitis

meningitis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of meningitis

medical : a serious and often deadly disease in which an outside layer of the brain or spinal cord becomes infected and swollen

meningitis

noun
men·​in·​gi·​tis | \ ˌmen-ən-ˈjīt-əs How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \
plural meningitides\ -​ˈjit-​ə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce meningitides (audio) \

Medical Definition of meningitis

: inflammation of the meninges and especially of the pia mater and the arachnoid specifically : a disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus (such as various Coxsackieviruses) or a more severe usually life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium (especially the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitides, or the serotype designated B of Haemophilus influenzae)

Note: Meningitis is often marked by fever, headache, vomiting, malaise, and stiff neck, and if left untreated in bacterial forms, may progress to confusion, stupor, convulsions, coma, and death.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on meningitis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with meningitis

Spanish Central: Translation of meningitis

Nglish: Translation of meningitis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of meningitis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about meningitis

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