meningitis

noun
men·​in·​gi·​tis | \ ˌme-nən-ˈjī-təs How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \
plural meningitides\ ˌme-​nən-​ˈji-​tə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce meningitides (audio) \

Definition of meningitis

: inflammation of the meninges and especially of the pia mater and arachnoid specifically : a disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus (such as various Coxsackieviruses) or a more severe usually life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium (especially the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitides, or the serotype designated B of Haemophilus influenzae)

Note: Meningitis is often marked by fever, headache, vomiting, malaise, and stiff neck, and if left untreated in bacterial forms, may progress to confusion, stupor, convulsions, coma, and death.

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Other Words from meningitis

meningitic \ ˌme-​nən-​ˈji-​tik How to pronounce meningitic (audio) \ adjective

Examples of meningitis in a Sentence

She was diagnosed with spinal meningitis.
Recent Examples on the Web He was diagnosed with meningitis, another disease common in Yemen. Sarah El Sirgany And Sam Kiley, CNN, "In Yemen's Aden, coronavirus death rates are worse than its wartime fatalities," 12 June 2020 The pneumococcal vaccine, which prevents some types of pneumonia, meningitis and the potentially deadly blood infection sepsis, comes in four doses. Elizabeth Weise, USA TODAY, "A coronavirus vaccine could require you to get two shots. Here's why.," 4 June 2020 Indigenous communities have been devastated by infectious diseases as recently as the 1990s, when measles, meningitis, and the cold killed almost half the members of the Nukak community in the northern Amazon. TheWeek, "Coronavirus spread threatens Amazonian Indigenous communities," 4 June 2020 Half will be randomly assigned to receive the COVID-19 vaccine candidate; the rest will be given a meningitis vaccine as a placebo. Kate Baggaley, Popular Science, "Oxford University’s timeline for a COVID-19 vaccine is shorter than previous estimates," 4 May 2020 Skylar tested positive for COVID-19 in March and died April 19 after developing a rare form of meningitis and brain swelling. Mark Kurlyandchik, Detroit Free Press, "Mourners at Detroit funeral home pay respects to Michigan's youngest COVID-19 victim," 29 Apr. 2020 During a meningitis outbreak in Nigeria, pharmaceutical company Pfizer tested Trovan, an experimental antibiotic drug, on 200 children without proper consent. Gale Ure, Quartz Africa, "African scientists must make sure they are part of the search for a coronavirus vaccine," 25 Apr. 2020 At 11, children should also receive their first meningitis vaccine. Jan Hoffman, New York Times, "Vaccine Rates Drop Dangerously as Parents Avoid Doctor’s Visits," 23 Apr. 2020 Skylar tested positive for COVID-19 in March and later developed a rare form of meningitis and brain swelling, the newspaper reported. Caitlin O'kane, CBS News, "5-year-old daughter of two Detroit first responders dies from coronavirus," 20 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'meningitis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of meningitis

1824, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for meningitis

New Latin

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Time Traveler for meningitis

Time Traveler

The first known use of meningitis was in 1824

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Statistics for meningitis

Last Updated

25 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Meningitis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/meningitis. Accessed 5 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for meningitis

meningitis

noun
How to pronounce meningitis (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of meningitis

medical : a serious and often deadly disease in which an outside layer of the brain or spinal cord becomes infected and swollen

meningitis

noun
men·​in·​gi·​tis | \ ˌmen-ən-ˈjīt-əs How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \
plural meningitides\ -​ˈjit-​ə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce meningitides (audio) \

Medical Definition of meningitis

: inflammation of the meninges and especially of the pia mater and the arachnoid specifically : a disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus (such as various Coxsackieviruses) or a more severe usually life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium (especially the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitides, or the serotype designated B of Haemophilus influenzae)

Note: Meningitis is often marked by fever, headache, vomiting, malaise, and stiff neck, and if left untreated in bacterial forms, may progress to confusion, stupor, convulsions, coma, and death.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on meningitis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with meningitis

Spanish Central: Translation of meningitis

Nglish: Translation of meningitis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of meningitis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about meningitis

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