meningitis

noun
men·​in·​gi·​tis | \ ˌme-nən-ˈjī-təs How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \
plural meningitides\ ˌme-​nən-​ˈji-​tə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \

Definition of meningitis

: inflammation of the meninges and especially of the pia mater and arachnoid specifically : a disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus (such as various Coxsackieviruses) or a more severe usually life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium (especially the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitides, or the serotype designated B of Haemophilus influenzae)

Note: Meningitis is often marked by fever, headache, vomiting, malaise, and stiff neck, and if left untreated in bacterial forms, may progress to confusion, stupor, convulsions, coma, and death.

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Other Words from meningitis

meningitic \ ˌme-​nən-​ˈji-​tik How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \ adjective

Examples of meningitis in a Sentence

She was diagnosed with spinal meningitis.
Recent Examples on the Web Months later, Kathy’s brother, who was a paramedic, contracted meningitis from one of his patients and died at just 29 years old. Andrea Cavallier, NBC News, 6 June 2021 All were symptoms of meningococcal meningitis, a bacterial infection that causes swelling of the protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. BostonGlobe.com, 24 Apr. 2021 All were symptoms of meningococcal meningitis, a bacterial infection that causes swelling of the protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. New York Times, 23 Apr. 2021 Pfizer has maintained that the children died of meningitis. Washington Post, 20 Mar. 2021 Most universities require students to be inoculated against measles, meningitis and other diseases. Chris Quintana, USA TODAY, 30 May 2021 During the day-long meeting, however, the members discussed whether to allow vaccination with the Pfizer-BioNTech shot along with other vaccinations teens may need to get, including against HPV, hepatitis and meningitis. Alice Park, Time, 13 May 2021 These protect against pneumonia and other serious diseases, such as meningitis and bacteremia, from the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae, also called pneumococcus. Dr. Keith Roach, oregonlive, 10 May 2021 Many colleges say requiring students to get inoculated against COVID mirrors current policies that ask students to submit proof they’ve been immunized against measles, mumps, chicken pox, or meningitis. BostonGlobe.com, 19 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'meningitis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of meningitis

1824, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for meningitis

New Latin

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Learn More About meningitis

Time Traveler for meningitis

Time Traveler

The first known use of meningitis was in 1824

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Statistics for meningitis

Last Updated

14 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Meningitis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/meningitis. Accessed 19 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for meningitis

meningitis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of meningitis

medical : a serious and often deadly disease in which an outside layer of the brain or spinal cord becomes infected and swollen

meningitis

noun
men·​in·​gi·​tis | \ ˌmen-ən-ˈjīt-əs How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \
plural meningitides\ -​ˈjit-​ə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce meningitis (audio) \

Medical Definition of meningitis

: inflammation of the meninges and especially of the pia mater and the arachnoid specifically : a disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus (such as various Coxsackieviruses) or a more severe usually life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium (especially the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitides, or the serotype designated B of Haemophilus influenzae)

Note: Meningitis is often marked by fever, headache, vomiting, malaise, and stiff neck, and if left untreated in bacterial forms, may progress to confusion, stupor, convulsions, coma, and death.

More from Merriam-Webster on meningitis

Nglish: Translation of meningitis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of meningitis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about meningitis

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