hepatitis

noun
hep·​a·​ti·​tis | \ ˌhe-pə-ˈtī-təs How to pronounce hepatitis (audio) \
plural hepatitides\ ˌhe-​pə-​ˈti-​tə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce hepatitides (audio) \ also hepatitises\ ˌhe-​pə-​ˈtī-​tə-​səz How to pronounce hepatitises (audio) \

Definition of hepatitis

1 : inflammation of the liver
2 : a disease or condition (such as hepatitis A or hepatitis B) marked by inflammation of the liver

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Did You Know?

The liver, the body's largest gland, performs many important tasks, but is also vulnerable to many illnesses. At least five types of hepatitis, labeled with the letters A–E, are caused by viruses. The most common are hepatitis A, acquired through contaminated food and water; hepatitis B, which usually travels via sexual activity or shared needles; and hepatitis C, generally passed through shared needles. Some other types, including alcoholic hepatitis (caused by drinking too much alcohol), aren't infectious. There are vaccines for types A and B, and drug treatments for A, B, and C, though the drugs aren't always effective.

Examples of hepatitis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

In writing medical-marijuana laws, state lawmakers and initiative authors have gone well beyond pain and nausea control, lauding the plant as an effective treatment for a long list of conditions, including hepatitis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Peter B. Bach, WSJ, "If Weed Is Medicine, So Is Budweiser," 17 Jan. 2019 These donors require specialized testing for HIV and hepatitis as well as specialized consent for the transplant recipient. Jacqueline Howard, CNN, "Drug overdoses tied to 24-fold rise in organ transplants," 16 Apr. 2018 The talented muso was apparently diagnosed with hepatitis and liver and kidney distress in June and visited multiple hospitals for treatment. Lars Brandle, Billboard, "Richard Swift's Cause of Death Revealed In Family Statement," 10 July 2018 In the 1950s, inmates were infected with hepatitis. New York Times, "The Ideal Subjects for a Salt Study? Maybe Prisoners," 4 June 2018 But now obesity accounts for a third of liver cancer deaths, and is more of a factor than hepatitis, Siegel said. Mike Stobbe, The Seattle Times, "US cancer death rate hits milestone: 25 years of decline," 8 Jan. 2019 The report, published earlier this month in BMJ Case Reports, details how a 71-year-old woman developed autoimmune hepatitis (i.e. liver disease) after taking turmeric supplements for her heart health. Korin Miller, SELF, "Turmeric Supplements May Have Caused This Woman's Liver Disease," 24 Sep. 2018 The first known case of rat hepatitis jumping to a human patient has reopened a long-standing mystery of how the cryptic viruses spread and bounce between humans and animal reservoirs. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Rat hepatitis jumps to human for first time, spotlighting disease mystery," 2 Oct. 2018 Mono hepatitis is a virus that causes an inflammation of the liver. Yerin Kim, Seventeen, "Here Are All The Signs That You Might Have Mono AKA “The Kissing Disease”," 29 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hepatitis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hepatitis

circa 1751, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hepatitis

New Latin

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Last Updated

14 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for hepatitis

The first known use of hepatitis was circa 1751

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More Definitions for hepatitis

hepatitis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of hepatitis

medical : a serious disease of the liver that causes fever and makes your skin and eyes yellow

hepatitis

noun
hep·​a·​ti·​tis | \ ˌhe-pə-ˈtī-təs How to pronounce hepatitis (audio) \

Kids Definition of hepatitis

: a disease which is caused by a virus and in which the liver is damaged and there is yellowing of the skin and fever

hepatitis

noun
hep·​a·​ti·​tis | \ ˌhep-ə-ˈtīt-əs How to pronounce hepatitis (audio) \
plural hepatitides\ -​ˈtit-​ə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce hepatitides (audio) \ also hepatitises\ -​ˈtīt-​ə-​səz \

Medical Definition of hepatitis

1 : inflammation of the liver
2 : a disease or condition (as hepatitis A or hepatitis B) marked by inflammation of the liver

Other Words from hepatitis

hepatitic \ -​ˈtit-​ik How to pronounce hepatitic (audio) \ adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on hepatitis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hepatitis

Spanish Central: Translation of hepatitis

Nglish: Translation of hepatitis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hepatitis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hepatitis

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