hepatitis

noun
hep·​a·​ti·​tis | \ ˌhe-pə-ˈtī-təs How to pronounce hepatitis (audio) \
plural hepatitides\ ˌhe-​pə-​ˈti-​tə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce hepatitides (audio) \ also hepatitises\ ˌhe-​pə-​ˈtī-​tə-​səz How to pronounce hepatitises (audio) \

Definition of hepatitis

1 : inflammation of the liver
2 : a disease or condition (such as hepatitis A or hepatitis B) marked by inflammation of the liver

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Did You Know?

The liver, the body's largest gland, performs many important tasks, but is also vulnerable to many illnesses. At least five types of hepatitis, labeled with the letters A–E, are caused by viruses. The most common are hepatitis A, acquired through contaminated food and water; hepatitis B, which usually travels via sexual activity or shared needles; and hepatitis C, generally passed through shared needles. Some other types, including alcoholic hepatitis (caused by drinking too much alcohol), aren't infectious. There are vaccines for types A and B, and drug treatments for A, B, and C, though the drugs aren't always effective.

Examples of hepatitis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Research has found that this is most commonly the case with HIV and hepatitis. Amanda Chatel, Glamour, "5 Tips I Wish I'd Known About How to Prepare for Anal Sex," 18 May 2019 Right now, selfie medicine is used for treating tuberculosis and hepatitis, but it could be applied to any medication, including drugs for mental illnesses and disabilities. Angela Chen, The Verge, "‘Selfie medicine’ might help people take their pills — at the cost of their privacy," 28 Mar. 2018 At least 40% of North Korea’s population is undernourished, and such diseases as tuberculosis and hepatitis are rampant, according to U.N. reports. Jonathan Cheng, WSJ, "The Last Americans in North Korea: Christian Missionaries," 19 Mar. 2018 In writing medical-marijuana laws, state lawmakers and initiative authors have gone well beyond pain and nausea control, lauding the plant as an effective treatment for a long list of conditions, including hepatitis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Peter B. Bach, WSJ, "If Weed Is Medicine, So Is Budweiser," 17 Jan. 2019 These donors require specialized testing for HIV and hepatitis as well as specialized consent for the transplant recipient. Jacqueline Howard, CNN, "Drug overdoses tied to 24-fold rise in organ transplants," 16 Apr. 2018 The talented muso was apparently diagnosed with hepatitis and liver and kidney distress in June and visited multiple hospitals for treatment. Lars Brandle, Billboard, "Richard Swift's Cause of Death Revealed In Family Statement," 10 July 2018 In the 1950s, inmates were infected with hepatitis. New York Times, "The Ideal Subjects for a Salt Study? Maybe Prisoners," 4 June 2018 But now obesity accounts for a third of liver cancer deaths, and is more of a factor than hepatitis, Siegel said. Mike Stobbe, The Seattle Times, "US cancer death rate hits milestone: 25 years of decline," 8 Jan. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hepatitis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hepatitis

circa 1751, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hepatitis

New Latin

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Statistics for hepatitis

Last Updated

23 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for hepatitis

The first known use of hepatitis was circa 1751

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More Definitions for hepatitis

hepatitis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of hepatitis

medical : a serious disease of the liver that causes fever and makes your skin and eyes yellow

hepatitis

noun
hep·​a·​ti·​tis | \ ˌhe-pə-ˈtī-təs How to pronounce hepatitis (audio) \

Kids Definition of hepatitis

: a disease which is caused by a virus and in which the liver is damaged and there is yellowing of the skin and fever

hepatitis

noun
hep·​a·​ti·​tis | \ ˌhep-ə-ˈtīt-əs How to pronounce hepatitis (audio) \
plural hepatitides\ -​ˈtit-​ə-​ˌdēz How to pronounce hepatitides (audio) \ also hepatitises\ -​ˈtīt-​ə-​səz \

Medical Definition of hepatitis

1 : inflammation of the liver
2 : a disease or condition (as hepatitis A or hepatitis B) marked by inflammation of the liver

Other Words from hepatitis

hepatitic \ -​ˈtit-​ik How to pronounce hepatitic (audio) \ adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on hepatitis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hepatitis

Spanish Central: Translation of hepatitis

Nglish: Translation of hepatitis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hepatitis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hepatitis

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