math·​e·​mat·​ics | \ ˌmath-ˈma-tiks How to pronounce mathematics (audio) , ˌma-thə- \

Definition of mathematics

1 : the science of numbers and their operations (see operation sense 5), interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space (see space entry 1 sense 7) configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations Algebra, arithmetic, calculus, geometry, and trigonometry are branches of mathematics.
2 : a branch of, operation in, or use of mathematics the mathematics of physical chemistry

Examples of mathematics in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The unruly stitch of a dragon first attracted Sabetta Matsumoto to the mathematics of knitting. Sarah Wells, Popular Mechanics, "The Beautiful Math of Knitting—Yes, Knitting—Could Create the Toughest Gear Ever," 28 Apr. 2021 Without delving too deeply into the science behind the mathematics (see here for details), the bifurcation process is based on thermodynamic principles based on energy levels. John Prisco, Forbes, "Is There Something Between Today And Quantum Computing?," 20 Apr. 2021 Anyway, threes are good, and teams that shoot them will continue to be rewarded by the mathematics of basketball. Andy Larsen, The Salt Lake Tribune, "The Triple Team: The Nets sat all of their good players on Wednesday, so the Jazz won easily," 24 Mar. 2021 However, experts in the mathematics of probability have identified the inference from the fine-tuning to the multiverse as an instance of fallacious reasoning. Philip Goff, Scientific American, "Our Improbable Existence Is No Evidence for a Multiverse," 10 Jan. 2021 Bousso attended private schools in Senegal and Norway and studied mathematics, economics and statistics at Macalester College in Minnesota before going on to be a bond trader on Wall Street. Helen Jennings, CNN, "Meet Diarra Bousso: One of Senegal's most promising designers," 19 Apr. 2021 The science categories that will be directly impacted by quantum include physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology. Chuck Brooks, Forbes, "The Emerging Paths Of Quantum Computing," 21 Mar. 2021 That causes a major slowdown in the already slow (because of the mathematics) Bitcoin network. Barath Raghavan, Wired, "Bitcoin’s Greatest Feature Is Also Its Existential Threat," 9 Mar. 2021 The person also routinely mentioned a fake background to criticize users who were pushing for greater diversity in science, mathematics, engineering and technology. Michael Casey, ajc, "White, male professor quits after posing as female immigrant on Twitter," 12 Feb. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'mathematics.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of mathematics

1573, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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Time Traveler for mathematics

Time Traveler

The first known use of mathematics was in 1573

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Statistics for mathematics

Last Updated

12 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Mathematics.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 18 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for mathematics



English Language Learners Definition of mathematics

: the science of numbers, quantities, and shapes and the relations between them


math·​e·​mat·​ics | \ ˌma-thə-ˈma-tiks How to pronounce mathematics (audio) \

Kids Definition of mathematics

: the science that studies and explains numbers, quantities, measurements, and the relations between them

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