Definition of masochism
1 : a sexual perversion characterized by pleasure in being subjected to pain or humiliation especially by a love object — compare sadism
2 : pleasure in being abused or dominated : a taste for suffering
masochistplay \-kist\ noun
masochisticplay \ˌma-sə-ˈkis-tik, ˌma-zə- also ˌmā-\ adjective
masochisticallyplay \-ˈkis-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
What is the Difference Between the Words masochism & sadism?
Interestingly, both masochism and sadism are eponymous words. English has thousands of such words, taken from the names of people both real and fictional. Masochism comes from the name of the 19th century German novelist, Leopold von Sacher-Masoch. It is unusual in that it began to be used during the lifetime of the man from whom it originated (Sacher-Masoch died in 1895, and masochism had been in printed use since 1892). Sadism comes from the name of the French writer, the Marquis de Sade (1740-1814).
The two words are not only often encountered in connection with one another, they have been combined into a single word, sadomasochism.
Origin and Etymology of masochism
International Scientific Vocabulary, from Leopold von Sacher-Masoch †1895 German novelist
First Known Use: 1892
MASOCHISM Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of masochism for English Language Learners
: enjoyment of pain : pleasure that someone gets from being abused or hurt; especially : sexual enjoyment from being hurt or punished
Medical Definition of masochism
Biographical Note for masochism
Sacher–Masoch \ˈzäḵ-ər-ˈmäz-ȯḵ\play ,
Leopold von (1836–1895), Austrian novelist. Sacher-Masoch is most famous for his erotic novels. In these novels the characters dwell at length on sexual pleasure derived from pain. The subject matter reflects Sacher-Masoch's personal life. He had two wives and several mistresses with whom he acted out the sexual fantasies described in his fictional works. By 1893 masochism was an established medical term.
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