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man·​i·​fes·​to ˌma-nə-ˈfe-(ˌ)stō How to pronounce manifesto (audio)
plural manifestos or manifestoes
: a written statement declaring publicly the intentions, motives, or views of its issuer
The group's manifesto focused on helping the poor and stopping violence.


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manifestoed; manifestoing; manifestos

intransitive verb

: to issue a manifesto

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Manifesto Has Latin Roots

Manifesto is related to manifest, which occurs in English as a noun, verb, and adjective. Of these, the adjective, which means "readily perceived by the senses," is oldest, dating to the 14th century. Both manifest and manifesto derive ultimately from the Latin noun manus ("hand") and -festus, a combining form of uncertain meaning that is also found in the Latin adjective infestus ("hostile"), an ancestor of the English infest. Something that is manifest is easy to perceive or recognize, and a manifesto is a statement in which someone makes his or her intentions or views easy for people to ascertain. Perhaps the most well-known statement of this sort is the Communist Manifesto, written in 1848 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to outline the platform of the Communist League.

Example Sentences

Noun The group's manifesto focused on helping the poor and stopping violence.
Recent Examples on the Web
Even more recently, Swedish speedskater and double Olympic champion Nils van der Poel just published a manifesto outlining the training leading up to his 5,000- and 10,000-meter races in Beijing. Alex Hutchinson, Outside Online, 19 Feb. 2022 Seven years earlier, in 2004, Lacaton, Vassal and Druot had published a manifesto criticizing the French government’s costly and wasteful habit of demolishing housing blocks rather than rehabilitating them. New York Times, 2 Aug. 2021 An 18-year-old New Jersey man was arrested Thursday after sending a manifesto online with threats to attack a synagogue and Jewish people, federal prosecutors say. Ray Sanchez, CNN, 10 Nov. 2022 An 18-year-old New Jersey man has been arrested and accused of using social media to send a manifesto that contained threats to attack a synagogue and Jewish people in the state, authorities said Thursday. Perry Stein, Washington Post, 10 Nov. 2022 Yet his pitch sounds a lot like a political manifesto. Lila Maclellan, Fortune, 2 Sep. 2022 One surprise bestseller was his translation of a self-help book, which was seen as a manifesto of personal empowerment rare in a country known for its unyielding repression. Brian Murphy,, 26 July 2022 Like Roof and Gendron, authorities located a manifesto that Tarrant wrote spewing racist and Islamophobic rhetoric, and the attacks were subsequently classified as hate crimes. Maia Niguel Hoskin, Forbes, 27 May 2022 The white supremacist who drove 200 miles to a Buffalo, N.Y., supermarket and opened fire, killing 10 people, had posted a manifesto. Janet D. Stemwedel, Scientific American, 24 May 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'manifesto.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History


Noun and Verb

Italian, denunciation, manifest, from manifestare to manifest, from Latin, from manifestus

First Known Use


1620, in the meaning defined above


1748, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of manifesto was in 1620


Dictionary Entries Near manifesto

Cite this Entry

“Manifesto.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 9 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition


plural manifestos or manifestoes
: a public declaration of intentions or views

More from Merriam-Webster on manifesto

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