mandrake

noun man·drake \ ˈman-ˌdrāk \

Definition of mandrake

1 a :a Mediterranean herb (Mandragora officinarum) of the nightshade family with large ovate leaves, greenish-yellow or purple flowers, and a large usually forked root resembling a human in form and formerly credited with magical properties
b :the root of a mandrake formerly used especially to promote conception, as a cathartic, or as a narcotic and soporific

Illustration of mandrake

Origin and Etymology of mandrake

Middle English, probably alteration of mandragora


Medical Dictionary

mandrake

noun man·drake \ ˈman-ˌdrāk \

medical Definition of mandrake

1 a :a Mediterranean solanaceous herb of the genus Mandragora (M. officinarum) that has greenish yellow or purple flowers, globose yellow fruits formerly supposed to have aphrodisiac properties, and a large usually forked root resembling a human in form and formerly credited with magical properties
b (1) :the root of this plant that contains hyoscyamine and was formerly used especially to promote conception, as a cathartic, or as a narcotic and soporific
(2) :a solution of mandrake root (as in wine) formerly used as a narcotic
2 a :mayapple

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