lysosome

noun
ly·​so·​some | \ ˈlī-sə-ˌsōm How to pronounce lysosome (audio) \

Definition of lysosome

: a saclike cellular organelle that contains various hydrolytic enzymes — see cell illustration

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Other Words from lysosome

lysosomal \ ˌlī-​sə-​ˈsō-​məl How to pronounce lysosome (audio) \ adjective

Examples of lysosome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web These drugs work by impairing a part of the cell called the lysosome, which basically breaks down and gets rid of cellular garbage. Popular Science, "The best treatments we currently have for COVID-19," 15 Dec. 2020 Rather, they all are involved in sending cellular materials to the waste-recycling compartment called the lysosome. Amber Dance Knowable Magazine, Smithsonian Magazine, "What Neuroscientists Are Discovering About Stuttering," 4 Sep. 2020 This allows the virus's genetic material to escape from the lysosome into the cell. TheWeek, "Closing in on the new coronavirus," 28 Mar. 2020 Bacteria and archaea have no nuclei, lysosomes, mitochondria or skeletons. Carl Zimmer, New York Times, "This Strange Microbe May Mark One of Life’s Great Leaps," 15 Jan. 2020 Over the nine years since Sabatini’s talk, lysosomes have won more respect. Quanta Magazine, "The Secret Power of the Cell’s Waste Bin," 25 Apr. 2017 Once there, the macrophages formed TNTs with injured cells and transferred lysosomes — tiny packages full of healthy enzymes — to the diseased cells, Cherqui explained. Quanta Magazine, "Cells Talk and Help One Another via Tiny Tube Networks," 23 Apr. 2018 Sabatini proudly projected a slide with the team’s findings, showing the enzyme arrayed along the surface of the organelles called lysosomes. Quanta Magazine, "The Secret Power of the Cell’s Waste Bin," 25 Apr. 2017 For the thread, Diane chose Namjoon as the nucleus; Jin as the endoplasmic recticulum; Yoongi as the cell membrane; Hoseok as the mitochondria; Jimin as the Golgi body; Taehyung as the lysosome; and Jungkook for the ribosome. Lauren Rearick, Teen Vogue, "A BTS Fan Went Viral After Comparing Members of the Group to an Animal Cell," 23 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'lysosome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of lysosome

1955, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for lysosome

International Scientific Vocabulary lys- + -some entry 3

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Time Traveler for lysosome

Time Traveler

The first known use of lysosome was in 1955

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Statistics for lysosome

Last Updated

21 Dec 2020

Cite this Entry

“Lysosome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lysosome. Accessed 19 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for lysosome

lysosome

noun
ly·​so·​some | \ ˈlī-sə-ˌsōm \

Kids Definition of lysosome

: a tiny saclike part in a cell that contains enzymes which can break down materials (as food particles and waste)

lysosome

noun
ly·​so·​some | \ ˈlī-sə-ˌsōm How to pronounce lysosome (audio) \

Medical Definition of lysosome

: a saclike cellular organelle that contains various hydrolytic enzymes

Other Words from lysosome

lysosomal \ ˌlī-​sə-​ˈsō-​məl How to pronounce lysosome (audio) \ adjective
lysosomally \ -​mə-​lē How to pronounce lysosome (audio) \ adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on lysosome

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about lysosome

Comments on lysosome

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