leishmaniasis

noun
leish·​man·​i·​a·​sis | \ ˌlēsh-mə-ˈnī-ə-səs How to pronounce leishmaniasis (audio) \
plural leishmaniases\ ˌlēsh-​mə-​ˈnī-​ə-​ˌsēz How to pronounce leishmaniasis (audio) \

Definition of leishmaniasis

: a parasitic disease chiefly of tropical and subtropical regions that is caused by a flagellate protozoan (genus Leishmania) which is transmitted by sand flies (genus Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia) and infects the macrophages of mammalian hosts Worldwide, the leishmaniases are the third most important vector-borne disease (after malaria and sleeping sickness), accounting for an estimated 1.98 million disability-adjusted life-years and 57,000 deaths annually.— Richard Reithinger et al. — see also cutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis

Examples of leishmaniasis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web At issue is amphotericin B, which is marketed by Gilead Sciences (GILD) to combat cryptococcal meningitis in patients with HIV or visceral leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease. Ed Silverman, STAT, 28 June 2021 The collapse of insect-control programs sparked the spread of cutaneous leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease that results in disfiguring skin ulcers. Jerome Groopman, The New Yorker, 29 Mar. 2021 During conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, and South Sudan, measles returned, along with kala-azar, another type of leishmaniasis, which attacks internal organs and is frequently fatal. Jerome Groopman, The New Yorker, 29 Mar. 2021 Visceral leishmaniasis, the disease the parasite causes, leads to cutaneous sores on the skin, infections of organs including the spleen and liver and sometimes death. Jim Daley, Smithsonian Magazine, 18 Mar. 2021 Visceral leishmaniasis is thought to kill between 20,000 to 40,000 people a year, says Christine Petersen, the director of the Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases at the University of Iowa, who was not involved in the new study. Jim Daley, Smithsonian Magazine, 18 Mar. 2021 There have been a number of open wounds, one case of leishmaniasis, some nasty insect bites and a car crash. Daniel Glick, Scientific American, 3 Apr. 2017 Besides combating malaria, gene drives could be used to alter, or even eliminate, other disease-causing insects, from the sand flies that transmit leishmaniasis to ticks that carry Lyme disease in the United States. Jennifer Kahn, New York Times, 8 Jan. 2020 It was originally developed to tackle breast cancer, but the drug became the leading option to treat another parasitic infection, leishmaniasis. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, 26 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'leishmaniasis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of leishmaniasis

1907, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for leishmaniasis

New Latin

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More About leishmaniasis

Time Traveler for leishmaniasis

Time Traveler

The first known use of leishmaniasis was in 1907

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near leishmaniasis

leishmania

leishmaniasis

leishmanic

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for leishmaniasis

Last Updated

4 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Leishmaniasis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/leishmaniasis. Accessed 4 Aug. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for leishmaniasis

leishmaniasis

noun
leish·​man·​i·​a·​sis | \ ˌlēsh-mə-ˈnī-ə-səs How to pronounce leishmaniasis (audio) \
plural leishmaniases\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce leishmaniasis (audio) \

Medical Definition of leishmaniasis

: a parasitic disease chiefly of tropical and subtropical regions that occurs in cutaneous and systemic forms and is caused by a flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania which is transmitted by sand flies (genus Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia) and infects the macrophages of mammalian hosts Worldwide, the leishmaniases are the third most important vector-borne disease (after malaria and sleeping sickness), accounting for an estimated 1.98 million disability-adjusted life-years and 57,000 deaths annually.— Richard Reithinger et al., Emerging Infectious Diseases Leishmaniasis, caused by various species of Leishmania protozoa, can lethally enlarge the spleen and liver.— C. Brownlee, Science News … the sandfly that transmits leishmaniases (a group of parasitic diseases) breeds in piles of refuse or in pit latrines …— Akin L. Mabogunje, Environment — see also cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis

More from Merriam-Webster on leishmaniasis

Nglish: Translation of leishmaniasis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about leishmaniasis

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Dog Words Quiz

  • shiba puppy more or less demanding cuddles
  • Which of the following animals has a dog in its etymology?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Typeshift

Anagram puzzles meet word search.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!