Definition of katabasis
1 : a going or marching down or back : retreat; especially : a military retreat the Russian anabasis and katabasis of Napoleon — Thomas De Quincey the tragic and precipitate katabasis of the UN troops — H. L. Ickes
2 : a troparion sung after the two sides of the choir descend to the middle of the church at the end of each ode of the canon at matins in the Eastern Orthodox Church
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Origin and Etymology of katabasis
Greek katabasis descent, from katabainein to go down, from kata- cata- + bainein to go — more at come
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