kala-azar

noun
ka·​la-azar | \ ˌkä-lə-ə-ˈzär How to pronounce kala-azar (audio) , ˌka- \

Definition of kala-azar

: a severe parasitic disease chiefly of tropical areas that is marked by fever, progressive anemia, leukopenia, and enlargement of the spleen and liver and caused by a leishmania (Leishmania donovani) transmitted by the bite of sand flies

First Known Use of kala-azar

1883, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for kala-azar

Hindi & Urdu kālā-āzār, literally, black disease

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The first known use of kala-azar was in 1883

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Cite this Entry

“Kala-azar.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/kala-azar. Accessed 18 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for kala-azar

kala-azar

noun
\ ˌkäl-ə-ə-ˌzär How to pronounce kala-azar (audio) , ˌkal- How to pronounce kala-azar (audio) \

Medical Definition of kala-azar

: a severe parasitic disease chiefly of Asia marked by fever, progressive anemia, leukopenia, and enlargement of the spleen and liver and caused by a flagellate of the genus Leishmania (L. donovani) that is transmitted by the bite of sand flies and proliferates in macrophages of the liver, spleen, and bone marrow

called also dumdum fever, visceral leishmaniasis

— see leishman-donovan body

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