jin·​go·​ism | \ ˈjiŋ-(ˌ)gō-ˌi-zəm How to pronounce jingoism (audio) \

Definition of jingoism

: extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a belligerent foreign policy

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Other Words from jingoism

jingoist \ ˈjiŋ-​(ˌ)gō-​ist How to pronounce jingoism (audio) \ noun or adjective
jingoistic \ ˌjiŋ-​gō-​ˈi-​stik How to pronounce jingoism (audio) \ adjective
jingoistically \ ˌjiŋ-​gō-​ˈi-​sti-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce jingoism (audio) \ adverb

Jingoism Got Its Start in the 19th Century

Jingoism originated during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, when many British citizens were hostile toward Russia and felt Britain should intervene in the conflict. Supporters of the cause expressed their sentiments in a music-hall ditty with this refrain: We don't want to fight, yet by jingo if we do,

We've got the ships, we've got the men,
We've got the money, too!

Someone holding the attitude implied in the song became known as a jingo or jingoist, and the attitude itself was dubbed jingoism. The jingo in the tune is probably a euphemism for Jesus.

Examples of jingoism in a Sentence

When the war began many people were caught up in a wave of jingoism. his loudmouthed jingoism will not win us any foreign allies
Recent Examples on the Web The text is free of the ebullient jingoism beloved of Mr Johnson and his cabinet. The Economist, "White heat Britain's foreign and defence policy shake-up focuses on technology," 20 Mar. 2021 At a time of grotesque American jingoism and anti-Chinese sabre-rattling, here is a Chinese-American hero, an immigrant who is living the American Dream and helping to create the modern Asian one, too. Alexandra Schwartz, The New Yorker, "Chang-rae Lee Lets Loose in “My Year Abroad”," 8 Feb. 2021 Isayama turns the topic’s inherent potential for jingoism on its head: Though nearly the entire cast is composed of soldiers, many are cowardly and selfish. Shaan Amin, The New Republic, "Why Attack on Titan Is the Alt-Right’s Favorite Manga," 16 Nov. 2020 Headley’s Beowulf rings with an altogether modern jingoism. Irina Dumitrescu, The New York Review of Books, "Dudes Without Heirs," 17 Nov. 2020 An uneasy current of jingoism runs through the capital. Declan Walsh, New York Times, "They Once Ruled Ethiopia. Now They Are Fighting Its Government.," 15 Nov. 2020 But responding to national crises by stoking jingoism and promising to get tough on our many enemies is a truly bipartisan habit. Alex Pareene, The New Republic, "Would the GOP Use Trump’s Covid Diagnosis to Start a War?," 5 Oct. 2020 Embattled Georgia Senator Kelly Loeffler, best known for engaging in suspicious stock trading at the very outset of the Covid-19 pandemic, was already trying out some jingoism mere hours after the Trump news broke. Alex Pareene, The New Republic, "Would the GOP Use Trump’s Covid Diagnosis to Start a War?," 5 Oct. 2020 Yet for all its inherent jingoism, One Billion Americans is not an altogether despairing vision. Jacob Bacharach, The New Republic, "The Emptiness of Matthew Yglesias’s Biggest Idea," 10 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'jingoism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of jingoism

1878, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for jingoism

see jingo entry 2

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The first known use of jingoism was in 1878

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Last Updated

22 Mar 2021

Cite this Entry

“Jingoism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/jingoism. Accessed 9 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for jingoism



English Language Learners Definition of jingoism

disapproving : the feelings and beliefs of people who think that their country is always right and who are in favor of aggressive acts against other countries

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