inosine

noun
ino·​sine | \ ˈi-nə-ˌsēn How to pronounce inosine (audio) , ˈī-, -sən How to pronounce inosine (audio) \

Definition of inosine

: a nucleoside C10H12N4O5 that is composed of hypoxanthine and ribose, that in the form of its monophosphate is a biosynthetic precursor of both AMP and its guanosine analog, and that binds to adenine, cytosine, or uracil especially in some transfer RNAs — compare poly i entry c

Examples of inosine in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web These proteins bind to RNAs and alter their sequence by changing a familiar base known as adenosine into a molecule called inosine. Sara Reardon, Scientific American, "Step Aside, CRISPR: RNA Editing Is Taking Off," 5 Feb. 2020 Although not one of the canonical RNA bases, inosine is read by the cell’s protein-translation machinery as the familiar guanosine. Sara Reardon, Scientific American, "Step Aside, CRISPR: RNA Editing Is Taking Off," 5 Feb. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'inosine.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of inosine

1911, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for inosine

International Scientific Vocabulary inosinic acid (the acid C10H13N4O8P; inosinic, from Greek in-, is sinew + International Scientific Vocabulary -ose entry 2 + -in entry 1 + -ic entry 1) + -ine entry 2

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Time Traveler for inosine

Time Traveler

The first known use of inosine was in 1911

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Statistics for inosine

Cite this Entry

“Inosine.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/inosine. Accessed 27 Feb. 2021.

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More Definitions for inosine

inosine

noun
ino·​sine | \ ˈin-ə-ˌsēn How to pronounce inosine (audio) , ˈī-nə- How to pronounce inosine (audio) , -sən \

Medical Definition of inosine

: a crystalline nucleoside C10H12N4O5 that is composed of hypoxanthine and ribose, that in the form of its monophosphate is a biosynthetic precursor of both AMP and its guanosine analog, and that binds to adenine, cytosine, or uracil especially in some transfer RNAs

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