force

noun
\ ˈfȯrs How to pronounce force (audio) \

Definition of force

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a(1) : strength or energy exerted or brought to bear : cause of motion or change : active power the forces of nature the motivating force in her life
(2) capitalized used with a number to indicate the strength of the wind according to the Beaufort scalea Force 10 hurricane
b : moral or mental strength I was impressed by the force of his character.
c : capacity to persuade or convince the force of the argument
2a : military strength
b(1) : a body (as of troops or ships) assigned to a military purpose a force of 20,000 soldiers
(2) forces plural : the whole military strength (as of a nation)
c : a body of persons or things available for a particular end a labor force the missile force
d : an individual or group having the power of effective action join forces to prevent violence a force in politics
e often capitalized : police force usually used with theAfter his military service, he joined the force.
3 : violence, compulsion, or constraint exerted upon or against a person or thing Those who do not respond to kindness must yield to force.
4a : an agency or influence that if applied to a free body results chiefly in an acceleration of the body and sometimes in elastic deformation and other effects
b : any of the natural influences (such as electromagnetism (see electromagnetism sense 2a), gravity, the strong force, and the weak force) that exist especially between particles and determine the structure of the universe
5 : the quality of conveying impressions intensely in writing or speech stated the objectives with force
6 baseball : force-out
in force
1 : in great numbers picnickers were out in force
2 : valid, operative the ban remains in force

force

verb
forced; forcing

Definition of force (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to do violence to especially : rape
2 : to compel by physical, moral, or intellectual means
3 : to make or cause especially through natural or logical necessity forced to admit my error the last minute goal forced overtime
4a : to press, drive, pass, or effect against resistance or inertia force your way through
b : to impose or thrust urgently, importunately, or inexorably force unwanted attentions on a coworker
5 : to achieve or win by strength in struggle or violence: such as
a : to win one's way into force a castle forced the mountain passes
b : to break open or through force a lock
6a : to raise or accelerate to the utmost forcing the pace
b : to produce only with unnatural or unwilling effort forced a smile
c : to wrench, strain, or use (language) with marked unnaturalness and lack of ease
7a : to hasten the rate of progress or growth of
b : to bring (plants) to maturity out of the normal season forcing lilies for Easter
8 : to induce (a particular bid or play by another player) in a card game by some conventional act, play, bid, or response
9a : to cause (a runner in baseball) to be put out on a force-out
b : to cause (a run) to be scored in baseball by giving a base on balls when the bases are full
force one's hand
: to cause one to act precipitously : force one to reveal one's purpose or intention

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Other Words from force

Noun

forceless \ ˈfȯrs-​ləs How to pronounce forceless (audio) \ adjective

Verb

forcer noun

Choose the Right Synonym for force

Noun

power, force, energy, strength, might mean the ability to exert effort. power may imply latent or exerted physical, mental, or spiritual ability to act or be acted upon. the awesome power of flowing water force implies the actual effective exercise of power. used enough force to push the door open energy applies to power expended or capable of being transformed into work. a worker with boundless energy strength applies to the quality or property of a person or thing that makes possible the exertion of force or the withstanding of strain, pressure, or attack. use weight training to build your strength might implies great or overwhelming power or strength. the belief that might makes right

Verb

force, compel, coerce, constrain, oblige mean to make someone or something yield. force is the general term and implies the overcoming of resistance by the exertion of strength, power, or duress. forced to flee for their lives compel typically suggests overcoming of resistance or unwillingness by an irresistible force. compelled to admit my mistake coerce suggests overcoming resistance or unwillingness by actual or threatened violence or pressure. coerced into signing over the rights constrain suggests the effect of a force or circumstance that limits freedom of action or choice. constrained by conscience oblige implies the constraint of necessity, law, or duty. felt obliged to go

Examples of force in a Sentence

Noun The front of the car took the full force of the collision. instruments used to measure the force of the wind The police were accused of using excessive force when they made the arrest. We discourage the use of force. He used brute force to open the door. I was impressed by the force of her personality. Verb They forced us to work long hours without pay. The flooding forced hundreds of residents to flee their homes. After seeing the evidence, I was forced to admit my error. I am forced to conclude that more funding will be necessary. The pilot was forced to land when one of the plane's engines caught fire. The scandal forced his resignation. Lack of time may eventually force a compromise. They are trying to force a vote on this issue. The runner was forced out of bounds. Their car was forced off the road.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The information police and other officials release about shootings by officers, deaths in their custody and other uses of force can vary widely from state to state and from agency to agency. Washington Post, "Police are using the law to deny the release of records involving use of force, critics claim," 25 Sep. 2020 The department also plans to review how officers are trained and track use-of-force incidents and police complaints to identify officers who may need more training. Arian Campo-flores And Cameron Mcwhirter, WSJ, "Breonna Taylor Protesters Face Off With Police for Second Night," 25 Sep. 2020 Ed Obayashi, a use-of-force consultant to law enforcement agencies and a deputy sheriff in Plumas County, said Reinhold appeared to be aggressive and unwilling to comply with the deputies' commands. Stefanie Dazio, Star Tribune, "Police say man grabbed deputy's gun before fatal shooting," 24 Sep. 2020 Jonathan Mattingly, who was shot in the leg during the raid, were justified under Kentucky state law in their use of force since they were fired upon by Taylor’s boyfriend, Kenneth Walker, Cameron said. Danielle Wallace, Fox News, "Breonna Taylor unrest: Seattle officer struck in head with baseball bat; police arrest 13," 24 Sep. 2020 Two white policemen who fired into the apartment in March will not be prosecuted for Taylor’s death because their use of force was justified while a third was charged with endangering her neighbors, Kentucky’s attorney general said. NBC News, "Kaepernick, LeBron James decry ruling in Breonna Taylor shooting," 24 Sep. 2020 Jonathan Mattingly and Detective Myles Cosgrove, were justified in their use of force, state Attorney General Daniel Cameron said at a news conference. Charles Trepany, USA TODAY, "'UnJust!!!!' Viola Davis, George Clooney, Alicia Keys, more stars react to Breonna Taylor decision," 24 Sep. 2020 According to Kentucky law, the use of force by Mattingly and Cosgrove was justified to protect themselves. Emma Colton, Washington Examiner, "Car plows through group of Denver protesters following Breonna Taylor charging decision," 24 Sep. 2020 Mattingly, the only officer to enter the house, fired six times, but the grand jury considered his use of force justified because Kenneth Walker, Taylor's boyfriend, fired first. Zoe Christen Jones, CBS News, "Attorney for Breonna Taylor's family vows to "keep fighting" after grand jury decision," 24 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Kaven Call tallied a tackle-for-loss and a sack on back-to-back plays late in the first half, which helped force a DP punt. J.c. Carnahan, orlandosentinel.com, "Top-ranked Apopka holds off No. 5 Dr. Phillips in fourth quarter," 26 Sep. 2020 Joe Espy, an attorney for Victoryland, said today’s decision means that the state will have an opportunity to prove its case but won’t force any immediate changes at the casino. Mike Cason, al, "Alabama Supreme Court reinstates AG’s lawsuit against Lowndes, Macon casinos," 25 Sep. 2020 The health department said that if significant progress toward following the public health guidelines did not occur by Monday, officials could impose fines, limit gatherings, or force schools and businesses to close. Cassidy Morrison, Washington Examiner, "US tops 7M COVID-19 cases," 25 Sep. 2020 Southern Miss showed some life behind interim coach Scotty Walden in a last-second loss to Louisiana Tech and will force the Green Wave to be two-dimensional. G Smith, NOLA.com, "Game day breakdown: Tulane travels to Southern Miss after collapse against Navy," 24 Sep. 2020 The Supreme Court ruled this year that states can force electors to cast their ballot for the popular vote winner. Bryan Schott, The Salt Lake Tribune, "Don’t expect chaos from Utah’s presidential electors even if Trump tried this extreme maneuver," 24 Sep. 2020 Pinch-hitter Kiké Hernández followed with a RBI single, Luzardo walked Chris Taylor to force in a run, and Seager's sacrifice fly to the warning track in center made it 5-0. Beth Harris, Star Tribune, "Buehler looks playoff ready, Dodgers beat A's 5-1," 24 Sep. 2020 Also, low interest rates reduce bond yields and force large investors such as pension funds to seek better returns elsewhere. Glenn Peoples, Billboard, "Why COVID-19 Is Pushing Publishing Deal Prices to Historic Highs," 22 Sep. 2020 While there are programs to cover food for families in need, no such programs exist to provide diapers, which can force families to make difficult decisions. Carol Kovach, cleveland, "Drive-thru diaper drive event set for Sept. 26 in Parma Heights: Sun Postings," 21 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'force.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of force

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for force

Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Vulgar Latin *fortia, from Latin fortis strong

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Time Traveler for force

Time Traveler

The first known use of force was in the 14th century

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Statistics for force

Last Updated

28 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Force.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/force. Accessed 1 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for force

force

noun
How to pronounce force (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of force

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: physical strength, power, or effect
: power or violence used on a person or thing
: strength or power that is not physical

force

verb

English Language Learners Definition of force (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make (someone) do something that he or she does not want to do
: to make it necessary for (someone) to do something
: to make (something) necessary

force

noun
\ ˈfȯrs How to pronounce force (audio) \

Kids Definition of force

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : power that has an effect on something the force of the wind the force of her personality
2 : the state of existing and being enforced That law is still in force.
3 : a group of people available for a particular purpose a police force the work force
4 : power or violence used on a person or thing He opened the door by force.
5 : an influence (as a push or pull) that tends to produce a change in the speed or direction of motion of something the force of gravity

force

verb
forced; forcing

Kids Definition of force (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to make someone or something do something His tribe … had been forced to leave Utah …— John Reynolds Gardiner, Stone Fox
2 : to get, make, or move by using physical power Police forced their way into the room.
3 : to break open using physical power We forced the door.
4 : to speed up the development of I'm forcing flower bulbs.

force

noun
\ ˈfō(ə)rs, ˈfȯ(ə)rs How to pronounce force (audio) \

Medical Definition of force

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an agency or influence that if applied to a free body results chiefly in an acceleration of the body and sometimes in elastic deformation and other effects

forcé

Medical Definition of forcé (Entry 2 of 2)

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force

noun

Legal Definition of force

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a cause of motion, activity, or change
intervening force
: a force that acts after another's negligent act or omission has occurred and that causes injury to another : intervening cause at cause
irresistible force
: an unforeseeable event especially that prevents performance of an obligation under a contract : force majeure
2 : a body of persons available for a particular end the labor force specifically : police force usually used with the
3 : violence, compulsion, or constraint exerted upon or against a person or thing
constructive force
: the use of threats or intimidation for the purpose of gaining control over or preventing resistance from another
deadly force
: force that is intended to cause or that carries a substantial risk of causing death or serious bodily injury — compare nondeadly force in this entry

Note: As a general rule, deadly force may be used without incurring criminal or tort liability when one reasonably believes that one's life or safety is in danger. In some cases, a person's unreasonable belief in the need for deadly force has been used to justify reducing a charge of murder to voluntary manslaughter. Additionally, a police officer is generally justified in using deadly force to prevent the escape of a suspect who threatens the officer or who the officer has probable cause to believe has committed a violent crime.

lawful force
: force that is considered justified under the law and does not create criminal or tort liability — compare unlawful force in this entry
moderate force \ ˈmä-​də-​rət-​ \
: nondeadly force in this entry
nondeadly force
: force that is intended to cause minor bodily injury also : a threat (as by the brandishing of a gun) to use deadly force

called also moderate force

— compare deadly force in this entry
reasonable force
: Lawful force that is reasonably necessary to accomplish a particular end (as preventing theft of one's property)
unlawful force
: force that is not justified under the law and therefore is considered a tort or crime or both — compare lawful force in this entry
in force
: valid and operative a life insurance policy in force
forced; forcing

Legal Definition of force (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to compel by physical means often against resistance forced him into the car
b : to break open or through forced the door — see also forcible entry
2 : to impose or require by law — see also elective share, forced heir at heir, forced sale at sale

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