hy·​drol·​o·​gy | \ hī-ˈdrä-lə-jē How to pronounce hydrology (audio) \

Definition of hydrology

: a science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface and in the atmosphere

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Other Words from hydrology

hydrologic \ ˌhī-​drə-​ˈlä-​jik How to pronounce hydrologic (audio) \ or hydrological \ ˌhī-​drə-​ˈlä-​ji-​kəl How to pronounce hydrological (audio) \ adjective
hydrologically \ ˌhī-​drə-​ˈlä-​ji-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce hydrologically (audio) \ adverb
hydrologist \ hī-​ˈdrä-​lə-​jist How to pronounce hydrologist (audio) \ noun

Examples of hydrology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Afghanistan currently lacks the ability to store or use most of its water, says Faez Azizi, a water resources and hydrology advisor at Afghanistan’s Ministry of Energy and Water. National Geographic, "In Afghanistan, climate change complicates future prospects for peace," 3 Feb. 2020 While no ice means that water can evaporate through the entire winter, the effect of freezing is more complicated, said Lauren Fry, the U.S. Army Corps technical lead for Great Lakes hydrology. Laura Johnston, cleveland, "Lake Erie is usually half frozen by now: What’s it like this year?," 22 Jan. 2020 Some of them, no doubt, are willing to adopt the cynical view that swamp monsters are better at fighting in that terrain than those accustomed to more agreeable hydrologies. Matthew Walther, TheWeek, "Trump is getting the band back together," 17 Jan. 2020 And at the same time, no single agency is in a better position to contribute to, or provide a response for, the river’s changing hydrology due to persistent drought conditions. Ian James, azcentral, "Water cutbacks set to begin under deal designed to ‘buy down risk’ on Colorado River," 10 Dec. 2019 Waggonner says understanding the local hydrology and then letting design, not public policy, drive the process was a new way of looking at the city’s problems. Jim Morrison, Smithsonian, "Cities Around the Globe Are Eagerly Importing a Dutch Speciality—Flood Prevention," 6 Dec. 2019 Forecasters now predict Lakes Michigan and Huron will start 2020 at 11 inches higher than water levels in January 2019, said Keith Kompoltowicz, chief of watershed hydrology at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in Detroit. Keith Matheny, USA TODAY, "Record-shattering Great Lakes water levels could be even higher in 2020," 15 Apr. 2019 Development beyond borders Almost all the places in Florida where ghost orchids are found have had their hydrology altered by development in surrounding areas. Mac Stone, National Geographic, "Florida’s rare ghost orchids are getting cut off from water," 25 Oct. 2019 In contrast, mining alters the very geology, topography, hydrology and ecology of sites within years or decades. Matthew Ross, The Conversation, "Mining powers modern life, but can leave scarred lands and polluted waters behind," 3 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hydrology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hydrology

1762, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hydrology

New Latin hydrologia, from Latin hydr- + -logia -logy

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Time Traveler for hydrology

Time Traveler

The first known use of hydrology was in 1762

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Statistics for hydrology

Last Updated

19 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Hydrology.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hydrology. Accessed 22 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for hydrology


hy·​drol·​o·​gy | \ hī-ˈdräl-ə-jē How to pronounce hydrology (audio) \
plural hydrologies

Medical Definition of hydrology

: the body of medical knowledge and practice concerned with the therapeutic use of bathing and water

More from Merriam-Webster on hydrology

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hydrology

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