hydrochloric acid

noun
hy·​dro·​chlo·​ric acid | \ ˌhī-drə-ˈklȯr-ik- How to pronounce hydrochloric acid (audio) \

Definition of hydrochloric acid

: an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride HCl that is a strong corrosive irritating acid, is normally present in dilute form in gastric juice, and is widely used in industry and in the laboratory

Examples of hydrochloric acid in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Existing methods use massive amounts of energy and require highly toxic chemicals such as hydrochloric acid. Globe Staff, BostonGlobe.com, 12 May 2022 As part of the process to capture HFC-23, about 1,600 pounds a year of chloroform, hydrochloric acid, chlorine and hydrogen fluoride, all hazardous air pollutants, could be emitted into neighborhoods around its Louisville facility. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 24 Nov. 2021 Today, there are ways the food production world speeds up the process without fermentation through chemical production by mixing the soybeans with hydrochloric acid, which breaks down the proteins in the soybeans. Katlyn Moncada, Better Homes & Gardens, 4 Mar. 2022 As part of the process to capture HFC-23, about 1,600 pounds a year of chloroform, hydrochloric acid, chlorine and hydrogen fluoride, all hazardous air pollutants, could be emitted into neighborhoods around its Louisville facility. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 24 Nov. 2021 As part of the process to capture HFC-23, about 1,600 pounds a year of chloroform, hydrochloric acid, chlorine and hydrogen fluoride, all hazardous air pollutants, could be emitted into neighborhoods around its Louisville facility. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 24 Nov. 2021 Alabama Power Company has reached a settlement with the Alabama Department of Environmental Management after tests showed hydrochloric acid emissions at the Barry Steam Electric Generating Plant in Mobile County were higher than legal limits. Dennis Pillion | Dpillion@al.com, al, 21 Jan. 2022 As part of the process to capture HFC-23, about 1,600 pounds a year of chloroform, hydrochloric acid, chlorine and hydrogen fluoride, all hazardous air pollutants, could be emitted into neighborhoods around its Louisville facility. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 24 Nov. 2021 One such experiment found that among 10 people with gastroesophageal reflux disease, a single night of poor sleep (less than 3 hours) worsened perceptions of heartburn when their esophagi were exposed to hydrochloric acid. Patrick Wilson, Outside Online, 15 June 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hydrochloric acid.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of hydrochloric acid

1819, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hydrochloric acid

International Scientific Vocabulary

Learn More About hydrochloric acid

Time Traveler for hydrochloric acid

Time Traveler

The first known use of hydrochloric acid was in 1819

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near hydrochloric acid

hydrochinone

hydrochloric acid

hydrochloride

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for hydrochloric acid

Last Updated

16 Jun 2022

Cite this Entry

“Hydrochloric acid.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hydrochloric%20acid. Accessed 5 Jul. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for hydrochloric acid

hydrochloric acid

noun
hy·​dro·​chlo·​ric acid | \ ˌhī-drə-ˈklȯr-ik- How to pronounce hydrochloric acid (audio) \

Kids Definition of hydrochloric acid

: a strong acid formed by dissolving in water a gas made up of hydrogen and chlorine

hydrochloric acid

noun
hy·​dro·​chlo·​ric acid | \ ˌhī-drə-ˌklōr-ik-, -ˌklȯr- How to pronounce hydrochloric acid (audio) \

Medical Definition of hydrochloric acid

: an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride HCl that is a strong corrosive irritating acid, is normally present in dilute form in gastric juice, and is widely used in industry and in the laboratory

called also muriatic acid

More from Merriam-Webster on hydrochloric acid

Nglish: Translation of hydrochloric acid for Spanish Speakers

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Which Word Does Not Belong?

  • one green toy robot amidst many red toy robots
  • Which of these words does not mean "nonsense"?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!