hydrochloric acid

noun
hy·​dro·​chlo·​ric acid | \ˌhī-drə-ˈklȯr-ik- \

Definition of hydrochloric acid 

: an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride HCl that is a strong corrosive irritating acid, is normally present in dilute form in gastric juice, and is widely used in industry and in the laboratory

Examples of hydrochloric acid in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Chlorine gas and water can also make hydrochloric acid, which would explain the investigators’ melting gloves and boots. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "U.S. Soldier Found Guilty of Building, Exploding Poison Gas Bomb," 26 Sep. 2018 Tiny pieces are picked up by the steam cloud, which contains hydrochloric acid that also is created by the interaction of lava and the ocean. James Rogers, Fox News, "Hawaii volcano: Kilauea lava spews deadly 'laze' plume containing tiny shards of glass," 23 May 2018 Babb says protective masks that officials have been distributing to protect people from volcanic ash will filter particles from lava haze but not the hydrochloric acid. NBC News, "What is 'laze'? Toxic gas plume created by Hawaii volcano," 22 May 2018 Tiny pieces are picked up by the steam cloud, which contains hydrochloric acid that also is created by the interaction of lava and the ocean. Jae C. Hong And Audrey Mcavoy, chicagotribune.com, "Your guide to 'laze' — the toxic lava haze now threatening Hawaiians," 22 May 2018 Laze occurs when hot lava meets the ocean, sending a plume of hydrochloric acid and steam - along with fine glass particles - into the air. Amy B Wang, chicagotribune.com, "Lava spatter hits Hawaii man and shatters his leg in first known injury from Kilauea volcano," 20 May 2018 Laze occurs when hot lava meets the ocean, sending a plume of hydrochloric acid and steam - along with fine glass particles - into the air. Amy B Wang, BostonGlobe.com, "Lava spatter hits Hawaii man and shatters his leg in first known injury from Kilauea volcano," 20 May 2018 Laze occurs when hot lava meets the ocean, sending a plume of hydrochloric acid and steam - along with fine glass particles - into the air. Amy B Wang, ajc, "Lava spatter hits Hawaii man and shatters his leg in first known injury from Kilauea volcano," 20 May 2018 Laze occurs when hot lava meets the ocean, sending a plume of hydrochloric acid and steam — along with fine glass particles — into the air. Amy B Wang, Washington Post, "Lava spatter hits Hawaii man and shatters his leg in first known injury from Kilauea volcano," 20 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hydrochloric acid.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hydrochloric acid

1819, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hydrochloric acid

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Last Updated

19 Nov 2018

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The first known use of hydrochloric acid was in 1819

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More Definitions for hydrochloric acid

hydrochloric acid

noun

English Language Learners Definition of hydrochloric acid

chemistry : a strong acid that is used especially in scientific experiments and in manufacturing

hydrochloric acid

noun
hy·​dro·​chlo·​ric acid | \ˌhī-drə-ˈklȯr-ik- \

Kids Definition of hydrochloric acid

: a strong acid formed by dissolving in water a gas made up of hydrogen and chlorine

hydrochloric acid

noun
hy·​dro·​chlo·​ric acid | \ˌhī-drə-ˌklōr-ik-, -ˌklȯr- \

Medical Definition of hydrochloric acid 

: an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride HCl that is a strong corrosive irritating acid, is normally present in dilute form in gastric juice, and is widely used in industry and in the laboratory

called also muriatic acid

More from Merriam-Webster on hydrochloric acid

Spanish Central: Translation of hydrochloric acid

Nglish: Translation of hydrochloric acid for Spanish Speakers

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