hoose·​gow | \ ˈhüs-ˌgau̇ How to pronounce hoosegow (audio) \

Definition of hoosegow

: jail

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Synonyms for hoosegow


bastille, big house [slang], bridewell, brig, calaboose, can, clink [slang], cooler, coop, guardroom, hock, hold, jail, jailhouse, joint [slang], jug, lockup, nick [British slang], pen, penitentiary, pokey [slang], prison, quod [British slang], slam, slammer, stir [slang], stockade, tolbooth [Scottish]

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Did You Know?

In Spanish, juzgado means "panel of judges, courtroom." The word is based on the Spanish past participle of juzgar, meaning "to judge," which itself was influenced by Latin judicare-a combination of jus, "right, law," and dicere, "to decide, say." When English speakers of the American West borrowed juzgado in the early 1900s, they recorded it the way they heard it: hoosegow. They also associated the word specifically with the jail that was usually in the same building as a courthouse. Today, hoosegow has become slang for any place of confinement for lawbreakers.

Examples of hoosegow in a Sentence

she ended up in the hoosegow for disorderly conduct

Recent Examples on the Web

And Blankenship has charged that Manchin, who was governor at the time of the mine explosion, conspired with Barack Obama (not a popular figure in West Virginia) to send him to the hoosegow. Ed Kilgore, Daily Intelligencer, "Ex-Con Blankenship Screwing Up GOP Plans for Taking Down West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin," 20 Mar. 2018 And worse yet from the governor’s point of view, the prosecutor with jurisdiction over these matters is the same one trying to send him to the hoosegow for the privacy and blackmail charge, St. Louis circuit attorney Kim Gardner. Ed Kilgore, Daily Intelligencer, "Missouri’s AG Throws Another Log on the Fire Consuming Governor Greitens," 17 Apr. 2018 The charges if pursued and confirmed would definitely land Netanyahu in the hoosegow. Ed Kilgore, Daily Intelligencer, "Bibi’s a Step Closer to the Slammer," 13 Feb. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hoosegow.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hoosegow

1909, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hoosegow

Spanish juzgado panel of judges, courtroom, from past participle of juzgar to judge, from Latin judicare — more at judge entry 2

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Time Traveler for hoosegow

The first known use of hoosegow was in 1909

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Comments on hoosegow

What made you want to look up hoosegow? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to make a temporary encampment

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