Definition of hendiadys
: the expression of an idea by the use of usually two independent words connected by and (such as nice and warm) instead of the usual combination of independent word and its modifier (such as nicely warm)
hendiadys was our Word of the Day on 10/14/2011. Hear the podcast!
Theme music by Joshua Stamper ©2006 New Jerusalem Music/ASCAP
Did You Know?
William Shakespeare often used hendiadys. For example, his character Macbeth, speaking of the passage of life, says "It is a tale / Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, / Signifying nothing." For Shakespeare, the construction "sound and fury" was more effective than "furious sound." The word hendiadys is a modification of the Greek phrase hen dia dyoin. Given that hen dia dyoin literally means "one through two," it's a perfect parent for a word that describes the expression of a single concept using two words, as in the phrase "rough and tough." As you can imagine, hendiadys is a common element in everyday speech and writing.
Origin and Etymology of hendiadys
Late Latin hendiadys, hendiadyoin, modification of Greek hen dia dyoin, literally, one through two
First Known Use: circa 1577See Words from the same year
Seen and Heard
What made you want to look up hendiadys? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).