hard·​en·​ing | \ ˈhärd-niŋ How to pronounce hardening (audio) , ˈhär-dᵊn-iŋ \

Definition of hardening

: sclerosis sense 1 hardening of the arteries

Examples of hardening in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web This is the second plank of the post-9/11 shift: with the hardening of physical barriers came the rise, unprecedented in history, of cross-border collaboration in the name of surveillance. Joshua Jelly-schapiro, The New Yorker, "What Are Borders For?," 27 Nov. 2019 Except for a hardening of rhetoric towards Pakistan, there were no big shifts in foreign policy. The Economist, "The prime minister What does Narendra Modi want?," 24 Oct. 2019 This is likely why, among women, a higher intake of cruciferous vegetables has been associated with a lower risk of hardening of the arteries. Cynthia Sass, Mph, Health.com, "Cauliflower Benefits: 7 Ways This Vegetable Helps Your Health," 23 Oct. 2019 Masked protesters streamed into Hong Kong streets Friday after the city’s embattled leader invoked rarely used emergency powers to ban masks at rallies in a hardening of the government’s stance after four months of anti-government demonstrations. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Hong Kong suspends trains, appeals to public after rioting," 4 Oct. 2019 They have been shown to fend off artery hardening, reduce blood pressure, improve circulation, curb blood clotting, and lower inflammation. Cynthia Sass, Mph, Health.com, "7 Health Benefits of Grapes," 25 Oct. 2019 The condition results in the hardening of arteries, a buildup of cholesterol and fat that forms plaque within artery walls and restricts blood flow, according to the Mayo Clinic. Benjamin Vanhoose, PEOPLE.com, "Food Network Star Carl Ruiz, 44, Cause of Death Revealed to Be Cardiovascular Disease," 16 Oct. 2019 Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam announced that protesters are banned from wearing masks to conceal their identities in a hardening of the government’s stance against the 4-month-old demonstrations. San Diego Union-Tribune, "For Hong Kong protesters, masks shield against Big Brother," 4 Oct. 2019 Ultimately, the team found that larvae treated with rapid cold hardening bounced back from stress faster than their directly frozen counterparts; members of the group also exhibited significantly higher metabolic rates during recovery. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "How Antarctica’s Only Native Insect Survives the Freezing Temperatures," 10 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hardening.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hardening

15th century, in the meaning defined above

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Time Traveler for hardening

Time Traveler

The first known use of hardening was in the 15th century

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Statistics for hardening

Last Updated

3 Dec 2019

Cite this Entry

“Hardening.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hardening?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=h&file=harden02. Accessed 10 December 2019.

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More Definitions for hardening



Financial Definition of hardening

What It Is

Hardening refers to stabilization or steady increases in a price level.

How It Works

Financial instruments and derivatives frequently experience volatile market-price fluctuations. Hardening is the process of market prices gradually returns to a normal levels following a period of instability. Likewise, an item that experiences steady long-term gains rather than abrupt short-term price escalations is described as hardening

Why It Matters

Hardened securities and derivatives tend to experience smaller day-to-day fluctuations and are often attractive to investors, because they become easier to predict and have a decreased level of risk.

Source: Investing Answers


hard·​en·​ing | \ ˈhärd-niŋ, -ᵊn-iŋ How to pronounce hardening (audio) \

Medical Definition of hardening

: sclerosis sense 1 hardening of the arteries

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Comments on hardening

What made you want to look up hardening? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to state or do over again or repeatedly

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