gourmand

noun
gour·​mand | \ ˈgu̇r-ˌmänd How to pronounce gourmand (audio) , -mənd \

Definition of gourmand

1 : one who is excessively fond of eating and drinking
2 : one who is heartily interested in good food and drink

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Other Words from gourmand

gourmandism \ ˈgu̇r-​ˌmän-​ˌdi-​zəm How to pronounce gourmandism (audio) , -​mən-​ \ noun
gourmandize \ ˈgu̇r-​ˌmän-​ˌdīz How to pronounce gourmandize (audio) , -​mən-​ \ intransitive verb

Choose the Right Synonym for gourmand

epicure, gourmet, gourmand, gastronome mean one who takes pleasure in eating and drinking. epicure implies fastidiousness and voluptuousness of taste. gourmet implies being a connoisseur in food and drink and the discriminating enjoyment of them. gourmand implies a hearty appetite for good food and drink, not without discernment, but with less than a gourmet's. gastronome implies that one has studied extensively the history and rituals of haute cuisine.

Did You Know?

What God has plagu'd us with this gormaund guest? As this exasperated question from Alexander Pope's 18th-century translation of Homer's Odyssey suggests, being a gourmand is not necessarily a good thing. When "gourmand" began appearing in English texts in the 15th century, it was a decidedly bad thing, a synonym of "glutton" that was reserved for a greedy eater who consumed well past satiation. That negative connotation remained until English speakers borrowed the similar-sounding (and much more positive) "gourmet" from French in the 19th century. Since then, the meaning of "gourmand" has softened, so that although it still isn't wholly flattering, it now suggests someone who likes good food in large quantities rather than a slobbering glutton.

Examples of gourmand in a Sentence

a finicky gourmand who vacationed in Europe every year simply for the wine the kind of gourmand who swallows food without even pausing to taste it
Recent Examples on the Web Mushrooms belong to the separate biological kingdom fungi and have been a mainstay for mystics, health nuts, and gourmands alike for years. Ellen Fort, Sunset Magazine, "The Ultimate Mushroom Trip? A Foraging Weekend in Big Sur," 15 Jan. 2020 James Corden, as the epicurean and Falstaffian gourmand Bustopher Jones, is bluff and exuberant (before meeting an unfortunate end, yielding to one temptation too many). Richard Brody, The New Yorker, "“Cats” Could Have Been a Contender," 27 Dec. 2019 Although frequently featured as golden, crisp accompaniments to the all-American hamburger, fries get haute, too, seen by some gourmands as the perfect duo with champagne. Laura Reiley, Washington Post, "As storms wreak havoc on potato harvest, shortages and price hikes could follow," 4 Dec. 2019 His new vision calls for a gourmand’s paradise where artists can come in to display their work and musicians can entertain from a nearby stage. Susannah Bryan, sun-sentinel.com, "Alley transforming into ‘Shipyard’ hangout in downtown Hollywood," 6 Dec. 2019 Sao Paulo claims glitzy clubs and restaurants whose daring chefs delight gourmands, and boasts a relatively low crime rate. Washington Post, "Brazil’s major cities lock horns for F1 race after 2020," 14 Nov. 2019 The island is a serene locale for seafood gourmands and nature lovers. Jessica Puckett, Condé Nast Traveler, "Why You Should Visit Hilton Head Island in the Fall," 14 Nov. 2019 Peony can go spicy and floral or creamy and gourmand, like vanilla. Jennifer Goldstein, Marie Claire, "Floral Perfumes to Spritz This Fall," 7 Oct. 2019 Kourtney's perfume is the yellow diamond, which is meant to smell like daylight and is a sparkling oriental gourmand. Jenna Rosenstein, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kourtney and Khloe Kardashian are Releasing KKW Fragrances With Sister Kim," 29 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gourmand.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of gourmand

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for gourmand

Middle English gourmaunt, from Middle French gourmant

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Time Traveler for gourmand

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The first known use of gourmand was in the 15th century

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Last Updated

16 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Gourmand.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gourmand. Accessed 29 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for gourmand

gourmand

noun
How to pronounce gourmand (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of gourmand

: a person who loves to eat and drink : a person who eats and drinks too much

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