glycoside

noun
gly·​co·​side | \ ˈglī-kə-ˌsīd How to pronounce glycoside (audio) \

Definition of glycoside

: any of numerous sugar derivatives that contain a nonsugar group bonded to an oxygen or nitrogen atom and that on hydrolysis yield a sugar (such as glucose)

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Other Words from glycoside

glycosidic \ ˌglī-​kə-​ˈsi-​dik How to pronounce glycosidic (audio) \ adjective
glycosidically \ ˌglī-​kə-​ˈsi-​di-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce glycosidically (audio) \ adverb

Examples of glycoside in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web All parts of the plant, including the seeds, contain a glycoside called wisterin which is toxic if consumed. Tim Macwelch, Outdoor Life, "13 Toxic Wild Plants That Look Like Food," 13 Aug. 2019 The principal sweeteners used in Coca-Cola products are aspartame, acesulfame potassium, sucralose, saccharin, cyclamate and steviol glycosides. Stephanie Toone, ajc, "This is how coronavirus could affect Diet Coke production," 27 Feb. 2020 Milkweed plants produce compounds called cardiac glycosides, which disrupt molecular pumps that control the proper flow of ions in and out of cells. Elizabeth Pennisi, Science | AAAS, "How the monarch butterfly evolved its resistance to toxic milkweed," 2 Oct. 2019 Some of stevia’s glycosides taste better than others in the plant but only occur in up to 1% of the leaf, making them commercially unviable, said Andrew Ohmes, Cargill’s global product lead for high-intensity sweeteners. Leigh Kamping-carder, WSJ, "This Sugar Substitute Aims to Avoid a Bitter End," 19 Oct. 2018 Like Amai, the company uses fermentation to produce the glycosides. Leigh Kamping-carder, WSJ, "This Sugar Substitute Aims to Avoid a Bitter End," 19 Oct. 2018 One big player, Cargill Inc., has built on its success with Truvia—a sweetener marketed to consumers that uses stevia-leaf extract—by experimenting with the plant’s other sweet molecules, known as glycosides. Leigh Kamping-carder, WSJ, "This Sugar Substitute Aims to Avoid a Bitter End," 19 Oct. 2018 During this process, one or both of these compounds are extracted from the leaves by boiling them, then filtering the water through a material that traps the glycosides. Kate Morgan, The Cut, "Is Stevia Better for You Than Sugar?," 26 Mar. 2018 The herb, a member of the Chrysanthemum family, contains two types of glycoside compounds, stevioside and rebaudioside A, that provide the sweet taste. Kate Morgan, The Cut, "Is Stevia Better for You Than Sugar?," 26 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'glycoside.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of glycoside

1855, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for glycoside

alteration of glucoside

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Time Traveler for glycoside

Time Traveler

The first known use of glycoside was in 1855

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Statistics for glycoside

Cite this Entry

“Glycoside.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/glycoside. Accessed 23 Nov. 2020.

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More Definitions for glycoside

glycoside

noun
gly·​co·​side | \ ˈglī-kə-ˌsīd How to pronounce glycoside (audio) \

Medical Definition of glycoside

: any of numerous sugar derivatives that contain a nonsugar group attached through an oxygen or nitrogen bond and that on hydrolysis yield a sugar (as glucose)

Other Words from glycoside

glycosidic \ ˌglī-​kə-​ˈsid-​ik How to pronounce glycosidic (audio) \ adjective
glycosidically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce glycosidically (audio) \ adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on glycoside

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about glycoside

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