ganglioside

noun

gan·​gli·​o·​side ˈgaŋ-glē-ə-ˌsīd How to pronounce ganglioside (audio)
: any of a group of glycolipids that yield a hexose sugar on hydrolysis and are found especially in the plasma membrane of cells of the gray matter

Examples of ganglioside in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web A mutation in the GLB1 gene causes the disease by not producing an enzyme that breaks down a substance known as GM1 ganglioside, which eventually reaches toxic levels. Damin Esper, The Mercury News, 6 Mar. 2017

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'ganglioside.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

borrowed from German Ganglioside, from Ganglion ganglion + -oside (in Glycoside glycoside); so called because such lipids were first isolated from ganglia in the brain

First Known Use

1943, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of ganglioside was in 1943

Dictionary Entries Near ganglioside

Cite this Entry

“Ganglioside.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ganglioside. Accessed 21 Jul. 2024.

Medical Definition

ganglioside

noun
gan·​gli·​o·​side ˈgaŋ-glē-ə-ˌsīd How to pronounce ganglioside (audio)
: any of a group of glycolipids that are found especially in the plasma membrane of cells of the gray matter and have sialic acid, hexoses, and hexosamines in the carbohydrate part and ceramide as the lipid

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